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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.8.2015.tde-15072015-151720
Document
Author
Full name
Enio Rechtman
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2015
Supervisor
Committee
Topel, Marta Francisca (President)
Cytrynowicz, Roney
Magnani, Jose Guilherme Cantor
Title in Portuguese
Itaboca, rua de triste memória: imigrantes judeus no bairro do Bom Retiro e o confinamento da zona do meretrício (1940 a 1953)
Keywords in Portuguese
Imigração
Judaísmo
Prostituição
São Paulo
Topografias
Abstract in Portuguese
O Bom Retiro, conhecido como bairro judaico, tornou-se local de recebimento de imigrantes que tiveram na sua adaptação uma história de grandes sacrifícios, lutando contra preconceitos e estigmas. Um desses estigmas está relacionado justamente àquele território, por se tratar de uma região ocupada por imigrantes de origem humilde e ter a fama de abrigar mascates e prostitutas que na época eram popularmente conhecidas como polacas. Neste mesmo período, o bairro foi escolhido pelo interventor Ademar de Barros para confinar a Zona do Meretrício da cidade, que entre 1940 e 1953 ficou sob controle do Estado de São Paulo, revelando conflitos e resistências por parte da organizada comunidade judaica local. A principal rua que abrigava as casas de tolerância chamava-se Itaboca, mas, devido à má fama, após o fechamento da Zona, um projeto de Lei impôs a mudança de nome.
Title in English
Itaboca, street of sad memory: jewish immigrants in Bom Retiro and the confinement of the Red Light District (1940 to 1953)
Keywords in English
Immigration
Judaism
Prostitution
São Paulo
Topography
Abstract in English
The Bom Retiro, know as the jewish quarter, become a place of reception of immigrants who had in their adaptation a story os great sacrifice, fighting against prejudice and stigma. One of these stigmas is associated precisely with that territory, since it is a region occupied by migrants from poor backgrounds and have a reputation for harboring peddlers and prostitutes who at the time were popularly know as Polish polacas. In the same period, the district was chosen by Ademar de Barros, a intervener, to confine the city's Red Light District, which between 1940 and 1953 became under control of the state of São Paulo, revealing conflicts and resistance by organized local Jewish community. The main street that housed the "houses of tolerance" was called Itaboca, but due to the bad reputation after the closing of the Zone a new law project imposed the change of name.
 
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Publishing Date
2015-07-15
 
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