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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.8.2013.tde-19082013-162547
Document
Author
Full name
Murilo Sebe Bon Meihy
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Jarouche, Mamede Mustafa (President)
Clemesha, Arlene Elizabeth
Jubran, Safa Alferd Abou Chahla
Lucchesi, Marco Americo
Pinto, Paulo Gabriel Hilu da Rocha
Title in Portuguese
Habemus Africas: Islã, Renascimento e África em João Leão Africano (século XVI)
Keywords in Portuguese
África
Colonialidade
Islã
João Leão Africano
Renascimento
Tradução cultural
Abstract in Portuguese
A obra mais emblemática do viajante do século XVI João Leão Africano, intitulada Della descrittione dell'Africa et delle cose notabli che ivi sono, sugere a existência de duas racionalidades integradas: a árabe-islâmica e a europeia-latina. A presente tese busca identificar essas duas camadas de racionalidade no trabalho de João Leão Africano, mostrando que o século XVI produziu um conhecimento plural entre essas duas matrizes culturais, que se relacionavam intensamente no período do Renascimento. Seja pela perspectiva de conflito, pela interação cultural ou pela negociação comercial entre povos cristãos e muçulmanos, o Norte da África e o Mediterrâneo se consolidaram no século XVI como espaços simbióticos. Esses elementos conjunturais, combinados à trajetória pessoal de João Leão Africano e sua relação com o Papa Leão X, moldaram sua visão sobre a África por meio de uma concepção fluida e intersticial do continente. A reflexão sobre o mundo moderno do referido viajante é reforçada pela formação de um padrão de pensamento definido por conceitos como: astúcia, tradução cultural, Fortuna, vergonha, incerteza, e fluidez civilizacional.
Title in English
Habemus Africas: Islam, Renaissance and Africa in Leo Africanus (sixteenth century)
Keywords in English
Africa
Coloniality
Cultural translation
Islam
Leo Africanus
Renaissance
Abstract in English
The most representative work of the sixteenth century traveler Leo Africanus, entitled Della descrittione dell'Africa et delle cose che notabli ivi sono, suggests the existence of two intertwined rationalities: the Arab-Islamic and the European-Latin. This research seeks to identify these two layers of rationality in the work of Leo Africanus, showing that the sixteenth century produced plural knowledge between these two cultural sources, intensely connected during the Renaissance. Either from the perspective of conflict, of the cultural interaction or of the commercial negotiation between Christian and Muslim peoples, North Africa and the Mediterranean developed in the sixteenth century as symbiotic spaces. These circumstantial elements, combined with the personal path of Leo Africanus, and his relationship with Pope Leo X, shaped his view of Africa through a fluid and interstitial conception of the continent. Leo Africanus idea about the modern world is strengthened by a thought pattern raised and defined by concepts such as cunning, cultural translation, Fortuna, shame, uncertainty, and civilization fluidity.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-08-19
 
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