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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.8.2018.tde-12072018-133251
Document
Author
Full name
Mariana Jablonski de Freitas Eleno
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Nóbrega, Maria Helena da (President)
Caretta, Alvaro Antonio
Coelho, Irene da Silva
Gebara, Ana Elvira Luciano
Title in Portuguese
Placas e cartazes: o uso de gêneros discursivos nas aulas de português do Ensino Fundamental
Keywords in Portuguese
Elementos verbo-visuais
Ensino de língua portuguesa
Gêneros discursivos
Abstract in Portuguese
Esta dissertação apresenta a pesquisa desenvolvida a partir da aplicação de uma sequência didática que utiliza os gêneros placa e cartaz para o ensino de língua portuguesa em uma turma de sexto ano do Ensino Fundamental. Tal proposta objetivou aprimorar as habilidades leitora e escritora dos alunos, além de ressaltar que o sentido dos enunciados é construído para além dos elementos linguísticos. As placas e cartazes são considerados enunciados (BAKHTIN, 2016) e em sua composição encontram-se os signos verbais e visuais. Tais signos produzem conteúdo explícito e implícito construídos a partir de elementos como: volume, cor e imagens. O trabalho com a linguagem verbo-visual dos gêneros mencionados é pautado na necessidade de explorar os elementos visuais, os artifícios utilizados na composição desses textos e as consequências disso no modo de interpretá-los. Como procedimento metodológico, opta-se pela pesquisa-ação, a partir das ideias de Santos (2012). Além disso, apresentam-se a contribuições teóricas de Volochinov/ Bakhtin (1999), Bakhtin (2016), Bortoluci (2010), Mirzoeff (2003), Kress (2005), Freedman (2003), Dondis (1991), Guimarães (2000) dentre outros, que discorrem sobre gêneros discursivos, cultura visual e elementos verbo-visuais. Para análise dos dados, realiza-se a comparação das duas produções de texto (inicial e final) elaboradas pelos alunos, além de pequenos relatos dos estudantes sobre as aulas que compuseram a sequência didática.
Title in English
Signs and posters: the use of discursive genres in Portuguese classes of Middle School
Keywords in English
Discursive genres
Teaching Portuguese language
Verbo-visual elements
Abstract in English
This dissertation presents the research developed from the application of a didactic sequence that uses the sign and poster genres for the teaching of Portuguese language in a class of sixth year of Middle School. The purpose of this proposal was to improve students' reading and writing skills, as well as to emphasize that the meaning of statements is constructed beyond linguistic elements. Sign and posters are considered statements (BAKHTIN, 2016) and in their composition are verbal and visual signs. These signs produce explicit and implicit content constructed from elements such as volume, color and images. The work with the verbo-visual language of the mentioned genres is based on the need to explore the visual elements, the artifices used in the composition of these texts and the consequences of this in the way of interpreting them. As a methodological procedure, we opted for action research, based on the ideas of Santos (2012). In addition, Volochinov/ Bakhtin (1999), Bakhtin (2016), Bortoluci (2010), Mirzoeff (2003), Kress (2005), Freedman (2003), Dondis (1991), Guimarães (2000) among others, that talk about discursive genres, visual culture and verbo-visual elements. For the analysis of the corpus, the two text productions (initial and final) elaborated by the students are compared, as well as small reports of the students about the classes that composed the didactic sequence.
 
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Publishing Date
2018-07-12
 
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