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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.82.2018.tde-20082018-163005
Document
Author
Full name
Marcelo de Azevedo e Souza Munhoz
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Cunha, Marcelo Rodrigues da (President)
Yoshioka, Sergio Akinobu
Caldeira, Eduardo José
Machado, Itibagi Rocha
Plepis, Ana Maria de Guzzi
Title in Portuguese
Capacidade osteorregenerativa da elastina, hidroxiapatita e proteí­na morfogenética óssea no tratamento de defeitos femorais em ratos
Keywords in Portuguese
Elastina
Hidroxiapatita
Materiais biocompatíveis
Osseointegração
Receptores de proteínas morfogenéticas ósseas
Abstract in Portuguese
Nas doenças que provocam perdas ósseas, destaca-se a utilização de enxerto ósseo autólogo como tratamento padrão-ouro. Entretanto, devido a comorbidades e limitação quantitativa, apresentam-se como alternativa o uso de biomateriais de elastina e hidroxiapatita, bem como a associação com a proteína morfogenética óssea. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar de forma qualitativa e quantitativa a contribuição da membrana de elastina utilizada isoladamente ou em combinação com a hidroxiapatita e a proteína morfogenética óssea no reparo de defeitos ósseos provocados experimentalmente no fêmur de ratos. Foram utilizados 77 ratos (Rattus norvegicus, Wistar), machos, com peso aproximado de 330 gramas e 4 meses de idade. Os animais foram submetidos ao procedimento cirúrgico para criação do defeito ósseo na superfície anterior da região supracondiliana do fêmur direito e separados em 7 grupos com 11 animais cada. Os grupos foram divididos da seguinte forma: Grupo controle (G1-C), ratos com defeito crítico induzido no osso femoral, sem preenchimento com implante. Grupo 2 (G2-E24/50), ratos com defeito crítico induzido no osso femoral preenchido com membrana de elastina hidrolisada durante 24h a 50°C; Grupo 3 (G3-E24/50/HA), defeito preenchido com membrana de elastina hidrolisada durante 24h a 50°C e hidroxiapatita. Grupo 4 (G4 E24/50/BMP), defeito preenchido com membrana de elastina hidrolisada durante 24h a 50°C e BMP. Grupo 5 (G5-E96/37), defeito preenchido com membrana de elastina hidrolisada durante 96 h a 37°C. Grupo 6 (G6-E96/37/HA), defeito preenchido com membrana de elastina hidrolisada durante 96 h a 37°C e hidroxiapatita. Grupo 7 (G7-E96/37/BMP), defeito preenchido com membrana de elastina hidrolisada durante 96 h a 37°C e BMP. Após a morte indolor induzida após 6 semanas, as peças anatômicas femorais foram retiradas para análise macroscópica, radiográfica, histológica, morfométrica e biomecânica. As médias e desvios-padrão do volume percentual relativo de osso neoformado no defeito femoral foram respectivamente 36,39±3,86 (G1); 66,40±3,69 (G2); 55,12±2,23 (G3); 58,46±1,79 (G4); 51,36±3,15 (G5); 71,28±4,26 (G6); 45,54±3,98 (G7). Os achados demonstraram biocompatibilidade, biodegradabilidade e osteorregeneração maior que o grupo controle nos biomateriais estudados. Os grupos com maior volume ósseo neoformado foram G2-E24/50 e G6-E96/37/HA.
Title in English
Osseoregenerative capacity of elastin, Hydroxyapatite and bone morphogenetic protein in the treatment of femoral defects in rats
Keywords in English
Biocompatible materials
Bone morphogenetic receptors
Elastin
Osseointegration
Abstract in English
In diseases that cause bone loss, the use of autologous bone graft is still a goldstandard treatment. However, due to comorbidities and quantitative limitation, the use of biomaterials of elastin, hydroxyapatite as well as the association with the bone morphogenetic protein are presented as alternatives. The objective of this research is to evaluate in a qualitative and quantitative way the contribution of the elastin membrane used alone or in combination with the hydroxyapatite and the bone morphogenetic protein in bone defects experimentally created in femur of rats. A total of 77 male rats (Rattus norvegicus, Wistar) weighing approximately 330 grams and 4 months of age were used. The animals were submitted to the surgical procedure to create the bone defect on the anterior surface of the supracondylar region of the right femur and were separated into 7 groups with 11 animals each. The groups were divided as follows: Control group (G1-C), rats with critical defect induced in the femoral bone without implant filling. Group 2 (G2-E24/50), defect filled with elastin membrane prepared for 24 h at 50°C. Group 3 (G3-E24/50/HA), defect filled with elastin membrane prepared for 24 h at 50°C and hydroxyapatite. Group 4 (G4-E24/50/BMP), defect filled with elastin membrane prepared for 24 h at 50°C and BMP. Group 5 (G5- E96/37), defect filled with elastin membrane prepared for 96 h at 37°C. Group 6 (G6- E96/37/HA), defect filled with elastin membrane prepared for 96 h at 37°C and hydroxyapatite. Group 7 (G7-E96/37/BMP) defect filled with elastin membrane prepared for 96 h at 37°C and BMP. After painless death induced after 6 weeks, the femoral anatomical pieces were removed for macroscopic, radiographic, histological, morphometric and biomechanical analysis. The mean and standard deviations of the relative percentage volume of newly formed bone in the femoral defect were respectively 36,39±3,86 (G1); 66,40±3,69 (G2); 55,12±2,23 (G3); 58,46±1,79 (G4); 51,36±3,15 (G5); 71,28±4,26 (G6); 45,54±3,98 (G7). The findings demonstrated biocompatibility, biodegradability and osseous regeneration greater than the control group in the studied biomaterials. The groups with the highest newly formed bone volume were G2-E24/50 and G6-E96/37/HA.
 
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Publishing Date
2018-08-21
 
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