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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.82.2017.tde-26102017-084456
Document
Author
Full name
Ricardo Marinzeck Santos
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 1999
Supervisor
Committee
Paulin, José Baptista Portugal (President)
Alves, José Marcos
Engel, Edgard Eduard
Title in Portuguese
Projeto e adaptação de máquina de ensaio de impacto para ossos longos de animais de pequeno e médio porte
Keywords in Portuguese
Ensaio de impacto
Ensaio dinâmico
Máquina de impacto
Ossos longos
Abstract in Portuguese
As fraturas dos ossos longos são geralmente provocadas por esforços dinâmicos de impacto (choque). O esclarecimento do comportamento de ossos submetidos a testes controlados de impacto pode representar um aprofundamento no conhecimento geral sobre as questões que envolvem a ocorrência das fraturas. Os testes de impacto são, de modo geral, realizados por meio de uma máquina especificamente desenvolvida, provida de um martelo pendular que incide sobre corpos de prova do material testado. Porém, as máquinas de impacto disponíveis no mercado são projetadas para ensaiar materiais com dimensões definidas de acordo com a norma relativa ao tipo de material, que não são adaptadas para materiais biológicos. Os materiais biológicos são em geral anisotrópicos, o que impede a confecção de corpos de prova com formas e dimensões rigorosamente padronizadas, como acontece com os materiais não biológicos. Desta forma, uma máquina de ensaio de impacto para materiais biológicos deve ser, necessariamente, especificamente desenvolvida para essa finalidade, com a principal característica de que os apoios dos corpos de prova possam ser mudados de forma e posição conforme as necessidades de cada material em teste. Foi o objetivo deste trabalho, projetar, construir e testar, comparativamente a outra máquina comercialmente disponível, uma máquina de ensaio de impacto especificamente destinada a materiais biológicos, com possibilidade de variação dos vãos entre os apoios dos corpos de prova, o que flexibiliza o ensaio de acordo com as características de cada material.
Title in English
Project and adaptation of an impact testing machine for long bones of small and medium-sized animals
Keywords in English
Dynamic assay
Impact machine
Impact test
Long bones
Abstract in English
Fractures of long bones are generally caused by dynamic impact loads (shock). Studying clearing the behaviour of bones submitted to controlled impact tests may contribute to deepen the general knowledge on the phenomena involving the event of fractures. The impact tests are usually carried out with a specially designed machine, provided with a pendulum hammer which strikes on specimens of the tested material. However, the commercially available impact testing machines are designed for isotropic materials, of definite shape and dimensions according to standards specific for each material, which are not adapted for biologic materials. The biologic materials are in general anisotropic by nature, what prevents the construction of test pieces with rigorously standardised shape and dimensions, as it happens with non-biological materials. Therefore, especially designed impact testing machine should be developed for this purpose. lts a main characteristic would be that the test pieces supports can be changed and moved, to adapt to their shapes and dimensions. The design, development and test of as impact testing machine specifically designed for bone, comparing it to another conmercially available machine, was the aim of this work machine developed enables the variation of the distance between the test piece supports, which allows to carry out tests according to the physical characteristics of any test piece.
 
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Publishing Date
2017-10-26
 
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