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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.83.1997.tde-22102007-104643
Document
Author
Full name
Maria Alice Ornellas Pereira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 1997
Supervisor
Committee
Furegato, Antonia Regina Ferreira (President)
Oliveira, Eleonora Menicucci de
Scatena, Maria Cecilia Morais
Vaisberg, Tania Maria Jose Aiello
Vietta, Edna Paciencia
Title in Portuguese
Representações sociais de pacientes psiquiátricos sobre a loucura, a internação e o sofrer psíquico: a triste passagem e a triste paisagem
Keywords in Portuguese
Institucionalização
Psiquiatria
Sofrer Psíquico
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo deste trabalho foi identificar as Representações Sociais de pacientes psiquiátricos, sobre suas situações de vida após convívio com a loucura, a internação e o sofrer psíquico. A partir de uma abordagem qualitativa de pesquisa, utilizei a técnica de História de Vida para entrevistar individualmente quatro pacientes (mulheres) internadas no hospital psiquiátrico. Construí os procedimentos teórico-metodológicos desta pesquisa, através da observação, da realização de entrevistas abertas não diretivas, enriquecidas com o uso de Técnica Projetiva (o desenho-estória livre e com tema) e de consulta feita nos prontuários. Utilizei a Análise Temática para analisar os dados, constatando que as pacientes constroem conhecimentos acerca da loucura. Deste modo, pude identificar as Representações Sociais que se constituem em sistemas de pensamentos organizados em verdadeiras teorias psicopatológicas, que se articulam ao redor de concepções sobre a loucura e suas conseqüências. As pacientes, através de vivências concretas, elaboraram teorias que denotam seus difíceis percursos de vida os quais conduziram-nas à condição de doentes mentais. A expressão a triste passagem, a triste paisagem, utilizada por uma paciente, sujeito da pesquisa, traduz o drama daqueles que passaram pela sofrida experiência da loucura, que foram submetidos ao tratamento psiquiátrico e que, conseqüentemente, tiveram longas internações.
Title in English
Social Representations of psychiatric patients on their insanity, internment and psyche suffering: the sad journey of the sad scenery
Keywords in English
Long-Term Hospitalization
Psychiatry
Psychological Suffering
Abstract in English
This study aimed to identify the Social Representations of psychiatric patients on their circumstances of life after being familiar with insanity, internment and psyche suffering. From a qualitative approach of research, i applied the technique of Life History to interview four female patients interned in a Psychiatric Hospital separately. I made the methodologicaltheoretical procedures of this research through observation, non-directive open interviews enriched with the application of prospective techique (free historydrawing and thematic drawing) and consultation in the reports. I applied the thematic analysys to analyze the data confirming that the patients build up certain knowledge about their insanity. In this way, I could identify the Social Representations which are made in methods of thinking organized in true psycho-pathological theories which are combined with conceptions about insanity and its consequences. Through real grasp of life experience the patients developed theories denoting their difficult ways of life which led them to the status of mentally sick people. The saying the sad journey, the sad scenery used by a patient in this study puts in lay terms the tragedy of those who went through the hard experience of insanity, who underwent psychiatric treatment and therefore had lengthy internments.
 
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Publishing Date
2007-11-26
 
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