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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.84.2019.tde-02042019-102658
Document
Author
Full name
Jimena Beatriz Aliaga Gamarra
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Urquidi, Vivian Grace Fernandez Davila (President)
Nicté, Fabiola Escárzaga
Teixeira, Vanessa Corsetti Gonçalves
Title in Portuguese
As mulheres indígenas como vítimas de violência nos relatórios finais das comissões da verdade da Guatemala e Peru
Keywords in Portuguese
CEH
Colonialidade
Comissão da Verdade
Conflito armado interno
CVR
Gênero
Guatemala
Peru
Violência
Abstract in Portuguese
Anos de intensos conflitos armado internos resultaram em inúmeros fatos de violência e violações de direitos humanos na Guatemala (1960-1996) e no Peru (1980-2000). Depois do fim destes enfrentamentos se estabeleceram Comissões de Verdade com o fim de investigar o acontecido durante os mesmos e de elaborar relatos que incluíssem as causas dos conflitos, os períodos de violência, os atos de violência perpetrados e as consequências e sequelas dos mesmos na população. Em ambos os países, os principais afetados pela violência foram as populações indígenas, o setor historicamente mais excluído e marginalizado. Nesta dissertação analisa-se comparativamente as abordagens usadas pela Comisión de Esclarecimiento Histórico (CEH) da Guatemala e a Comisión de la Verdad (CVR) do Peru nos seus Relatórios Finais para retratar a situação de impacto diferenciado da violência que as mulheres indígenas sofreram durante os enfrentamentos armados internos acontecidos nestes países. Baseados no conceito de colonialidade do poder de Aníbal Quijano e da colonialidade do gênero de María Lugones, buscar-se-á entender a etnia, o gênero e a classe social como fatores de exclusão indissolúveis que repercutiram nas experiências e no impacto diferenciado da violência que sofreram as mulheres indígenas durante os conflitos armados internos acontecidos na Guatemala e no Peru.
Title in English
Indigenous women as violence victims in the final reports of the Truth Commissions in Guatemala and Peru
Keywords in English
CEH
Coloniality
CVR
Gender
Guatemala
Internal armed conflict
Peru
Truth Commission
Violence
Abstract in English
Years of intense internal armed conflicts resulted in countless acts of violence and human rights violations in Guatemala (1960-1996) and Peru (1980-2000). After the end of these conflicts, Truth Commissions were established in order to investigate what occurred during these clashes and elaborate reports that would include the causes of the struggles, the periods of violence, the acts of violence that were carried out and the consequences and effects on the population. In both countries the indigenous populations, the most excluded and marginalized historically, were the main victims of horrendous crimes. In this dissertation we compare the approaches that the "Historical Clarification Truth Commission" of Guatemala and the "Truth and Reconciliation Truth Commission" of Peru used in their Final Reports regarding the differential impact of violence on indigenous women during the armed conflicts that took place in these countries. Based on the concept of coloniality of power by Aníbal and coloniality of gender by María Lugones, we argue that ethnicity, gender and social class are indissoluble factors that greatly influenced the experiences and the singular impact of violence on indigenous women during the armed conflicts in Guatemala and Peru.
 
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Publishing Date
2019-04-02
 
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