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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.84.2006.tde-04102006-131438
Document
Author
Full name
Morgana Corrêa Campos Alves
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2006
Supervisor
Committee
Braga, Marcio Bobik (President)
Cardeal, Maria Regina
Villa, Rafael Antonio Duarte
Title in Portuguese
Da instabilidade cambial às damandas protecionistas: a desvalorização do real em 1999, a reação argentina e lições para o Mercosul
Keywords in Portuguese
Câmbio
Comércio
Mercosul
Protecionismo
Abstract in Portuguese
A presente dissertação mostra como a desvalorização do real em 1999 afetou negativamente as relações comerciais entre Brasil e Argentina, impulsionando antigas demandas protecionistas por parte de empresários e políticos argentinos. De forma geral, os números do comércio bilateral comprovam que a temida invasão de produtos brasileiros ao mercado argentino nunca se concretizou. Entretanto, podemos constatar que a ausência de regras claras e de uma institucionalização de fato para o Mercosul abriu espaço para a utilização de medidas de anti-dumping e tentativa de adoção de salvaguardas dentro do bloco. Tais medidas ajudaram a reduzir o comércio bilateral, que sentiu também os efeitos da crise que se instalou na região, enfraquecendo o poder de compra dos consumidores e trazendo incertezas para os produtores. Essa dissertação mostra ainda que empresários e políticos de ambos os países travaram nos jornais uma guerra de acusações e ameaças, que dificultaram as negociações setoriais em andamento e colocaram em dúvida a viabilidade do Mercosul.
Title in English
From currency instability to protectionist demands: the real?s devaluation in 1999, the Argentine reaction and lessons for the Mercosur
Keywords in English
Currency
Mercosur
Protectionism
Trade
Abstract in English
The present dissertation shows how the real?s devaluation in 1999 has adversely affected trade relations between Brazil and Argentina, inciting old protectionist demands from Argentine entrepreneurs and politicians. In a general way, the official numbers for bilateral trade prove that a feared invasion of Brazilian products into the Argentine market has never materialized. However, one can verify that the absence of clear rules and de facto institutionalization for the Mercosur has paved the way for the use of anti-dumping measures and attempts at adopting safeguard measures within the bloc. Such measures helped reduce bilateral trade, which was also hit by the crisis that struck the region, weakening consumer purchasing power and causing uncertainties among producers. This dissertation also shows that entrepreneurs and politicians from both countries waged a war of accusations and threats in newspapers, thus hampering industry-to-industry negotiations in progress and putting Mercosur?s viability in jeopardy.
 
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Dissertacao_1.pdf (93.96 Kbytes)
Dissertacao_2.pdf (605.11 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2007-10-18
 
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