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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.84.2012.tde-22102012-114629
Document
Author
Full name
Adriana de Carvalho Alves
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Lindo, Luiz Antonio (President)
Albieri, Sara
Braga, Marcio Bobik
Title in Portuguese
Brasil e Argentina, mediação pela cultura: a contribuição dos indígenas ao projeto nacional à luz dos textos de José de Alencar e Domingo Faustino Sarmiento
Keywords in Portuguese
Identidade nacional
Literatura indígena
Projetos nacionais
Representação
Abstract in Portuguese
O trabalho em questão tem por objetivo geral verificar quais visões acerca dos indígenas ficaram registradas nas narrativas do século XIX no Brasil e na Argentina. Para tanto, analisamos os textos Etnologia Americana, presente na obra Conflicto y armonias de las razas en América, de Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, e o romance indigenista O Guarani, de José de Alencar. Utilizamos a metodologia da análise comparativa para compreendermos alguns aspectos sociais dos dois países que, apesar de apresentarem realidades distintas, fizeram parte de um complexo quadro político, cultural e social da América Latina no século XIX; os dois países procuravam constituir-se enquanto Nação, tendo que solucionar algumas demandas herdadas do período colonial. O esforço de elaboração de um projeto nacional passava pela construção e reconhecimento de um passado nacional que incluía a questão indígena. Essa especificidade, inerente aos países latino-americanos, moveu nosso interesse para a pesquisa, dirigindo o esforço filológico no sentido interpretar como os textos acima mencionados apresentavam os indígenas. Com a finalidade de ampliar nossa compreensão sobre o tratamento dado à temática indígena no século XIX, realizamos leituras interdisciplinares que nos auxiliaram no sentido de revelar como se dava a produção do pensamento social, elemento que fundamentava as visões que os textos nos apresentam.
Title in English
Brazil and Argentina, mediation by the culture: the contribution of indigenous people to the national project in the light of the texts of José de Alencar and Domingo Faustino Sarmiento
Keywords in English
Indigenous literature
National identity
National projects
Representation
Abstract in English
The work in question aims at general check which visions about the indigenous were recorded in the 19th century narratives in Brazil and in Argentina. To this end, we analyze the texts "American Ethnology", present in the work "Conflicto y armonias de las razas en América" by Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, and the Indian novel O Guarani, by José de Alencar. We use the methodology of comparative analysis to understand some social aspects of the two countries which, although present distinct realities, they were part of a complex political, cultural and social framework of Latin America in the 19th century; the two countries sought to establish itself as a nation having to solve some inherited from the colonial period demands. The effort to develop a national project passed by construction and recognition of a national past that included the indigenous question. This specificity, which is inherent to Latin American countries, moved our interest for research, driving the philological effort to interpret how the texts mentioned above presented the natives. In order to broaden our understanding of the treatment given to indigenous issues in the 19th century, we conduct interdisciplinary readings that helped to reveal how was the production of social thought, the aim that justify the visions that the texts present us.
 
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Publishing Date
2012-10-22
 
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