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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.85.2013.tde-08082013-164400
Document
Author
Full name
César Augusto Bizetto
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Bueno, Carmen Cecília (President)
Pascholati, Paulo Reginaldo
Vivolo, Vitor
Title in Portuguese
Caracterização das propriedades dosimétricas de diodos de silício empregados em radioterapia com feixe de fótons
Keywords in Portuguese
diodos
dosimetria
radioterapia
semicondutor
Abstract in Portuguese
No presente trabalho foi estudada a resposta de diodos epitaxiais (EPI) e fusão zonal (FZ) como dosímetros on-line em tratamentos radioterápicos com feixe de fótons na faixa de megavoltagem (diodo tipo EPI)e ortovoltagem (diodos tipo EPI e FZ). Para serem usados como dosímetros os diodos foram encapsulados em sondas de polimetilmetacrilato preto (PMMA). Para as medidas da fotocorrente os dispositivos foram conectados a um eletrômetro Keithley® 6517B no modo fotovoltaico. As irradiações foram feitas com feixes de fótons de 6 e 18 MV (acelerador Siemens Primus®),6 e 15 MV (acelerador Novalis TX®) e 10, 25, 30 e 50 kV de um equipamento de Radiação X Pantak/Seifert. Nas medidas com o acelerador Siemens Primus® os diodos foram posicionados entre placas de PMMA a uma profundidade de 10,0 cm e com o acelerador Novalis TX® mantidos entre placas de água sólida a uma profundidade de 5cm. Em ambos os casos, os diodos foram centralizados em campos de radiação de 10 × 10 cm2, com distância fonte superfície (DFS) mantida fixa em 100 cm. Para as medidas com os feixes de fótons deortovoltagem os diodos foram posicionados a 50 cm do tubo em um campo de radiação circular de 8 cm de diâmetro. A linearidade com a taxa de dose foi avaliada para as energias de 6 e 15MV do acelerador Novalis TX® variando-se a taxa de dose de 100 a 600 unidades monitoras por minuto e para o feixe de 50 kV variando-se a corrente do tubo de 2 a 20 mA. Todos os dispositivos apresentaram respostas lineares com a taxa de dose e dentro das incertezas, independência da carga com a mesma. Os sinais de corrente mostraram boa repetibilidade, caracterizada por coeficientes de variação em corrente (CV) inferiores a 1,14%(megavoltagem) e 0,15%(ortovoltagem) e em carga menores que 1,84% (megavoltagem) e 1,67% (ortovoltagem). Foram obtidas curvas dose-resposta lineares com coeficientes de correlação linear melhores que 0,9999 para todos os diodos.
Title in English
Dosimetric properties characterization of silicon diodes used in photon beam radiotherapy
Keywords in English
diodes
dosimetry
radiotherapy
semiconductor
Abstract in English
In the current work it was studied the performance of epitaxial (EPI) and float zone (FZ) silicon diodes as on-line dosimeters for megavoltage (EPI diode) and orthovoltage (EPI and FZ diode) photon beam radiotherapy. In order to be used as dosimeters the diodes were enclosed in black polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) probes. The devices were then connected, on photovoltaic mode, to an electrometer Keithley® 6517B to allow measurements of the photocurrent. The irradiations were performed with 6 and 18 MV photon beams (Siemens Primus® linear accelerator), 6 and 15 MV (Novalis TX®) and 10, 25, 30 and 50 kV of a Pantak / Seifert X ray radiation device. During the measurements with the Siemens Primus® the diodes were held between PMMA plates placed at 10.0 cm depth. When using Novalis TX® the devices were held between solid water plates placed at 50 cm depth. In both casesthe diodes were centered in a radiation field of 10 x 10 cm2, with the source-to-surface distance (SSD) kept at 100 cm. In measurements with orthovoltage photon beams the diodes were placed 50.0 cm from the tube in a radiation field of 8 cm diameter. The dose-rate dependency was studied for 6 and 15 MV (varying the dose-rate from 100 to 600 monitor units per minute) and for the 50 kV beam by varying the current tube from 2 to 20 mA. All devices showed linear response with dose rate and, within uncertainties the charge collected is independent of dose rate. The current signals induced showed good instantaneous repeatability of the diodes, characterized by coefficients of variation of current (CV) smaller than 1.14% (megavoltage beams) and 0.15% for orthovoltage beams and coefficients of variation of charge (CV) smaller than 1.84% (megavoltage beams) and 1.67% (orthovoltage beams). The doseresponse curves were quite linear with linear correlation coefficients better than 0.9999 for all diodes.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-08-28
 
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