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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.85.2013.tde-29042013-090305
Document
Author
Full name
Gustavo Barretto Vila
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Caldas, Linda Viola Ehlin (President)
Gronchi, Claudia Carla
Pinto, Teresa Cristina Nathan Outeiro
Tatumi, Sonia Hatsue
Tobias, Carmen Cecília Bueno
Title in Portuguese
Caracterização de silicatos e carbonatos de cálcio aplicados à dosimetria de doses altas
Keywords in Portuguese
carbonatos de cálcio
LOE
propriedades dosimétricas
silicatos
TL
Abstract in Portuguese
A forma isomórfica predominante nos biominerais (casca de ostra, coral, madrepérola e concha) estudados foi a aragonita. Contudo, o surgimento da fase calcita deu-se à temperatura de 500°C a uma taxa de aquecimento de 10°C/s para todas as amostras; e para a amostra de coral, à temperatura de 400°C, independente da taxa de aquecimento. O elemento mais abundante nas amostras de biominerais foi o Ca na forma de CaO e para os silicatos (tremolita, diopsídio e rodonita), o Si na forma de SiO. O elemento traço mais presente nas amostras de biominerais foi o Fe. A análise de ressonância paramagnética eletrônica mostrou as linhas de Mn2+ nas amostras de coral e madrepérola, antes da irradiação. Para amostras irradiadas, os defeitos encontrados foram os radicais CO2-, CO33-, CO3-, SO2-, SO3-, e num intervalo de g entre 2,0010 e 2,0062. Na análise por absorção óptica dos biominerais foram encontradas transições devido à presença de Mn nas amostras. Foi observado um pico termoluminescente (TL) em aproximadamente 140°C para os biominerais e em 180°C para os silicatos, cuja intensidade depende diretamente da dose. Para amostras expostas a diferentes tipos de radiações, o pico TL ocorre em temperaturas mais baixas. Para as curvas dose-resposta obtidas para esses materiais, foi possível determinar um intervalo de linearidade para o qual a sua aplicação em dosimetria de doses altas se torna possível. Levando-se em consideração o tipo de radiação, dentre os biominerais e os silicatos, obteve-se a menor dose detectável (40mGy), para a radiação gama em amostra de casca de ostra utilizando-se a técnica de medição de luminescência opticamente estimulada (LOE). Para radiação beta, as amostras de tremolita e diopsídio obtiveram a menor dose detectável (60mGy). No geral, obteve-se uma boa reprodutibilidade para as amostras, utilizando-se as técnicas TL, LOE e emissão exoeletrônica termicamente estimulada (TSEE) para as radiações alfa, beta e gama. Portanto, pode-se concluir que as amostras caracterizadas neste trabalho podem ser utilizadas como detectores/dosímetros de doses altas.
Title in English
Characterization of silicates and calcium carbonates applied to high-dose dosimetry
Keywords in English
calcium carbonates
dosimetric properties
OSL
silicates
TL
Abstract in English
The predominant isomorphous form in the biominerals studied in this work (oyster shell, coral, mother of pearl and shell) was aragonite. The appearence of the calcite phase occurred at 500°C at a heating rate of 10°C/s for all samples except for the coral sample, which was 400°C, independent of the heating rate. The most abundant element in the biominerals samples was Ca in the CaO form, and in the silicates (tremolite, diopside and rhodonite) Si in the SiO form. The most common trace element observed in the biominerals samples was Fe. The analyses of electron paramagnetic resonance showed lines of Mn2+ in the coral and mother-of-pearl samples before irradiation. In the case of the irradiated samples, the defects found were CO2-, CO33-, CO3- and SO2-, in the g range between 2.0010 and 2.0062. In the analyses by optical absorption of biominerals, transitions due to the presence of Mn in the samples were found. A thermoluminescent (TL) peak at approximately 140°C was found for the biominerals and at 180°C for silicates, which intensity depends directly on the dose. For samples exposed to different types of radiation, the TL peak occurred at lower temperatures. From the dose-response curves obtained for these materials, it was possible to determine a linear range for which their application in high dose dosimetry becomes possible. Taking into account the radiation type, among biominerals and silicates, the lowest detectable dose (40mGy) to gamma radiation was achieved for oyster shell samples using the measuring technique of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL). Using beta radiation, for diopside and tremolite samples the lowest detectable dose of 60mGy was obtained. For all samples, using the TL, OSL and thermally stimulated exoelectron emission (TSEE) techniques in alpha, beta and gamma radiation beans a good response reproducibility was obtained. Therefore, the samples characterized in this work are suitable to be used as high dose detectors/dosimeters.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-06-06
 
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