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Master's Dissertation
DOI
Document
Author
Full name
Luiza Ferreira Sobrinho
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Sakata, Solange Kazumi (President)
Casini, Julio César Serafim
Polo, André Sarto
Title in Portuguese
Oxidação eletroquímica do etanol em eletrólito alcalino utilizando nanocompósito a base de grafeno/paládio
Keywords in Portuguese
célula à combustível
óxido de grafeno
paládio
voltametria cíclica
Abstract in Portuguese
Nesse estudo foi sintetizado e caracterizado o óxido de grafeno (OG) a partir do método de Hummers modificado. O OG foi utilizado como suporte para nanopartículas de paládio para uso como eletrocatalisador em células a combustíveis abastecidas diretamente a etanol. O uso de carbono grafite como suporte de nanopartículas metálicas é deteriorado com mais rapidez, levando a diminuição do tempo de vida útil da célula a combustível. O objetivo principal foi a incorporação do paládio no óxido de grafeno via feixe de elétrons, e a comparação com o catalisador incorporado por via química, utilizando o borohidrato de sódio. Foram utilizadas técnicas de caracterização tais como: termogravimetria (TG), difração de raios-X (DRX), as espectroscopias de Raman e infravermelho com transformada de Fourier (FT-IR), microscopia de transmissão eletrônica (MET), Espectroscopia de fotoelétrons por raios- X (XPS) e estudos voltamétricos como a voltametria cíclica e cronoamperometria. Os resultados indicaram que para a dose de 288 kGy, houve a incorporação, porém, não foi suficiente para que houvesse a redução dos grupos oxigenados, estudos com o oxido de grafeno previamente reduzido via térmica e incorporado via feixe de elétrons foram comparados na mesma dose.
Title in English
Electrochemical oxidation of ethanol in alkaline electrolyte using graphene / palladium base nanocomposite
Keywords in English
cyclic voltammetry
fuel cell
graphene oxide
palladium
Abstract in English
In this study, graphene oxide (GO) was synthesized by the modified Hummers method and characterized. GO was used as support for palladium nanoparticles as an electrocatalyst on direct ethanol fuel cell (DEFC). One of the drawbacks using carbon graphite as a support for metal nanoparticles was because it deteriorates more quickly, leading to shortened fuel cell life. The main objective was the incorporation of Pd on the graphene oxide by the electron beam and was compared with the chemical incorporation, using sodium borohydride. Characterization techniques such as thermogravimetry (TG), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), electron transmission microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and voltammetric studies such as cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry. The results indicated that at a dose of 288 kGy, there was an incorporation, however, it was not enough for there to be a decrease in the groups of oxygenates, studies with the graphene oxide downloaded through the thermal and through electron beams were compared in the same dose.
 
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Publishing Date
2019-06-26
 
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