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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.85.2014.tde-19032014-111612
Document
Author
Full name
Tharcila Colachite Rodrigues Bertolini
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Fungaro, Denise Alves (President)
Ortiz, Nilce
Pedrotti, Jairo Jose
Title in Portuguese
Estudo comparativo sobre a adsorção de diferentes classes de corantes em zeólitas de cinzas de carvão: modelagem cinética e de equilíbrio
Keywords in Portuguese
ácido laranja 8
adsorção
cinzas de carvão
cristal violeta
zeólita
zeólita modificada
Abstract in Portuguese
As cinzas leves e pesadas de carvão foram utilizadas na síntese das zeólitas (ZCL e ZCP) por tratamento hidrotérmico alcalino. As zeólitas modificadas de cinzas leves e pesadas (ZMSL e ZMSP) foram preparadas pela mistura de ZCL e ZCP com o surfactante brometo de hexadeciltrimetilamônio. Os adsorventes foram caracterizados por diferentes técnicas, tais como: métodos físico-químicos, fluorescência de raios-X, espectroscopia na região do infravermelho, difração de raios-X e microscopia eletrônica de varredura. O processo de adsorção dos corantes cristal violeta (CV) e do ácido laranja 8 (AL8) foi realizado em sistema de batelada com o objetivo de investigar o equilíbrio e a dinâmica dos materiais zeolíticos no tratamento de efluentes. Os modelos de cinética de pseudo-primeira-ordem e pseudo-segunda-ordem foram aplicados aos dados experimentais e a cinética de pseudo-segunda-ordem descreveu a adsorção dos corantes sobre os adsorventes. Estudos da difusão intrapartícula revelaram que as velocidades de adsorção não eram controladas somente pela etapa de difusão. O modelo de Freundlich ajustou-se melhor aos dados experimentais para todos os sistemas estudados, com exceção do sistema CV/ZCL, que seguiu o modelo de Langmuir. As capacidades máximas de adsorção das zeólitas modificadas foram maiores do que aquelas obtidas para as zeólitas não modificadas. Este melhor desempenho é devido ao ambiente hidrofóbico proporcionado pela adsorção do surfactante catiônico na superfície do adsorvente. Os parâmetros das isotermas de adsorção foram usados para prever o design do equipamento para a realização de processo de adsorção descontínuo de estágio simples.
Title in English
Comparative study on the adsorption of different classes of dyes in zeolites of coal ashes: kinetic and equilibrium modelling
Keywords in English
acid orange 8
adsorption
coal ash
crystal violet
modified zeolite
zeolite
Abstract in English
The coal fly and bottom ashes were used in the synthesis of zeolites (ZFA and ZBA) by alkaline hydrothermal treatment. The modified zeolites from coal fly ash and botton ash (ZMSF and ZMSB) was performed by mixing ZFA e ZBA with the surfactant hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide. The adsorbents were characterized by different techniques such as: physico-chemical methods, X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, infrared, X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The adsorption of the dye crystal violet (CV) and acid orange 8 (AO8) was carried out in batch system with the purpose of investigating the equilibrium and dynamics of zeolitic materials in wastewater treatment. Pseudo-first- and second-order kinetic models have been applied to the experimental data and pseudo-second-order kinetic was found to describe the adsorption of the dyes on the adsorbents. Intra-particle diffusion studies revealed that the adsorption rates were not solely controlled by the diffusion step. The Freundlich model was better ajusted to the experimental data for all systems studied, except system CV/FTA, which followed the Langmuir model. The maximum adsorption capacities of the modified zeolites were higher than those obtained for the unmodified zeolites. This best performance is due to the hydrophobic ambient provided by the adsorption of cationic surfactant on the surface of the adsorbent. The parameters of adsorption isotherms were used to predict the design of the equipment for performing adsorption discontinuous single stage.
 
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Publishing Date
2014-04-07
 
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