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Master's Dissertation
DOI
Document
Author
Full name
Gabriela Nemesio Fazolin
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2019
Supervisor
Committee
Lugão, Ademar Benévolo (President)
Ferreira, Adilson Kleber
Marques, Fabio Luiz Navarro
Title in Portuguese
Síntese induzida por radiação de nanocarreadores bioativos à base de papaína para carreamento de radiofármaco
Keywords in Portuguese
99mtecnécio
condições experimentais
nanocarreador
nanopartícula de papaína
radiofármaco
reticulação por radiação gama
Abstract in Portuguese
A papaína, enzima proteolítica extraída do fruto da Carica papaya Linnaeus, apresenta grande perspectiva para carreamento de fármacos devido propriedade anti-inflamatória, antitumoral e aumento da permeação. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo estudar as variáveis de processo da síntese radio-induzida, com o propósito de avaliar a influência destes parâmetros na formação da nanopartícula além do seu potencial como nanocarreador. A síntese foi realizada na presença (20%, v/v) e ausência de etanol, tampão fosfato e radiação gama (10 kGy) para reticulação e esterilização simultânea. As amostras foram avaliadas através da técnica de espalhamento dinâmico de luz, para verificar diâmetro hidrodinâmico, UV e fluorescência para verificação do conteúdo proteico e estrutura secundária, respectivamente. A atividade enzimática foi avaliada utilizando o substrato N-alfa-benzoil-DL-arginina-4-nitroanilida (BAPA). Parâmetros como concentração proteica, molaridade do tampão, pH, tempo e temperatura de solvatação e taxa de dose foram estudados. Posteriormente, foi realizado estudo da estabilidade por 180 dias e demonstração da capacidade de radiomarcação utilizando o tecnécio-99m, além da natureza da reticulação e esterilização das amostras. Conclui-se que a síntese otimizada das nanopartículas de papaína ocorre a 10 mg.mL-1 utilizando tampão fosfato 50 mM com (pH 7) à 0°C, tempo de solvatação de 1 a 6 horas e taxa de dose de 5 kGy.h-1. Ao usar essas condições, a formação de nanopartículas ocorrerá de maneira mais efetiva e com atividade proteolítica preservada. A reticulação das nanopapaínas, nas condicões descritas acima, ocorrem majoritariamente por natureza intramolecular e apresenta esterilidade na dose estabelecida de 10 kGy. As amostras se mostraram estáveis por até 30 dias quando mantidas sob 0°C. A radiomarcação com 99mTc por via direta obteve eficiência de 90% e demonstrou o grande potencial da nanopartícula como nanocarreador.
Title in English
Synthesis induced by radiation of bioactive papain-based nanocarrier for radiopharmaceutical carrier
Keywords in English
99mtechnetium
crosslinking by gamma radiation
experimental conditions
nanocarrier
papain nanoparticle
radiopharmaceutical
Abstract in English
Papain, proteolytic enzyme extracted from the fruit of Carica papaya Linnaeus, presents great prospect for drug delivery due to the anti-inflammatory and antitumor proprieties and increased permeation. The present work aims to study variable process conditions of radio-induced synthesis, with the purpose of evaluating the influence of the parameters on the nanoparticle formation and potential for radiopharmaceutical loading. The synthesis was performed in the presence (20%, v/v) and absence of ethanol, phosphate buffer and ionizing radiation at 10 kGy, using 60Co as a radioactive source to promote crosslinking and simultaneous sterilization. The samples were evaluated by dynamic light scattering to verify hydrodynamic diameter, UV and fluorescence for verification of protein content and secondary structure, respectively. The enzymatic activity was evaluated using N-alpha-benzoyl-DL-arginine-4-nitroanilide (BAPA) as specific substrate. Parameters such as protein concentration, buffer molarity, pH, time and temperature of solvation and dose rate were studied in order to evaluate the changes and the effect of each condition on the formation of the nanoparticle. Subsequently, a study of the stability of the samples for 180 days and the efficiency of the radiolabeling with technetium-99m were carried out. Additionally, the nature of protein crosslinking and the sterilization was studied. It was concluded that the optimized synthesis of papain nanoparticles occurs at 10 mg.mL-1 using 50 mM phosphate buffer (pH 6-7) at 0°C, solvation time of 1 to 6 hours and dose rate of 5 kGy.h-1. By using these conditions, the formation of nanoparticles will occur more rapidly, with preserved proteolytic activity and considerable levels of cross-linking. Papain crosslinking are intramolecular and 10 kGy demonstrate sterilized potential. Samples were stable for 20-30 days when kept at 20°C and 0-4°C, respectively. Radiolabeling with technetium by direct route obtained efficiency of 90% and demonstrated great potential as a nanocarrier.
 
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Publishing Date
2019-06-28
 
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