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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.87.2010.tde-03012011-135525
Document
Author
Full name
Leonardo Zambotti Villela
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Silveira, Paulo Flavio (President)
Lacchini, Silvia
Rocha, Adriana Rios Lopes
Title in Portuguese
Efeito de frações peptídicas do veneno da serpente Bothrops jararaca (Serpentes, Viperidae: Crotalinae) sobre a atividade enzimática dipeptidil-peptidase IV (DPP-IV) e sobre o receptor (GLP-1R) do peptídeo glucagon-símile tipo 1 (GLP-1).
Keywords in Portuguese
Bothrops jararaca
Diabetes mellitus Tipo II
Dipeptidil-peptidase IV
Glucagon
Peptídeos
Serpentes
Venenos de origem animal
Abstract in Portuguese
Novos agentes terapêuticos que preservem as células β do pâncreas e o controle do peso são importantes para o diabetes melittus tipo 2 (DM-2), constituindo uma importante área de investimento farmacêutico. Com o objetivo de contribuir com a toxinologia comparada de venenos de répteis e com a eventual descoberta de novos agentes insulinotrópicos, o presente estudo realizou a prospecção de compostos hipoglicemiantes análogos à exendina-4 (isolada de lagartos Heloderma) ou inibidores da dipeptidil-peptidase IV (DPP-IV) no veneno da serpente Bothrops jararaca. A espectrometria de massas identificou uma K49 Fosfolipase A2 inédita neste veneno. Inibidores da DPP-IV não foram encontrados. Porém, a existência de frações polipeptídicas deste veneno sem similares estruturais descritos, sem efeito na pressão arterial média, imunologicamente similares à exendina-4 e com efeito hipoglicemiante e provável capacidade de ligação ao receptor do peptídeo glucagon-símile tipo 1, caracterizaram, pela primeira vez, a ação de veneno de serpente sobre o metaboloma.
Title in English
Effect of peptide fractions from Bothrops jararaca (Serpentes, Viperidae: Crotalinae) venom on dipeptidyl-peptidase IV (DPP-IV) enzyme activity and glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP-1R).
Keywords in English
Bothrops jararaca
Diabetes mellitus type II
Dipeptidyl-peptidase IV
Glucagon
Peptides
Poisons of animal origin
Snakes
Abstract in English
New therapeutic agents that protect pancreatic β cells and regulate body mass are important to diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM-2). The search for these agents is one of the main objectives of investments made by pharmaceutical industries. To contribute to the comparative toxinology studies of reptile venoms and to reveal new insulinotropic agents, the present investigation searched for hypoglycemiant compounds such as exendin-4 analogues (isolated from Heloderma lizards) or dipeptidyl-peptidase IV (DPP-IV) inhibitors in the venom of the snake Bothrops jararaca. The mass spectrometry analysis identified a novel K-49 Phospholipase A2 in this venom. DPP-IV inhibitors were not found. However, the existence of polypeptide fractions from this venom without structural similarity with reported compounds, without effect on mean arterial blood pressure and with immunological similarity with exendin-4 and probable ability to bind to glucagon-like peptide type 1 receptor, led to the first characterization of snake venom activity on metaboloma.
 
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Publishing Date
2011-01-14
 
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