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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.87.2008.tde-21012009-095743
Document
Author
Full name
Michelle Mendes Moron
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Arruda Neto, Joao Dias de Toledo (President)
Maria, Durvanei Augusto
Segreto, Roberto Araujo
Title in Portuguese
Efeito da ação combinada de radiação gama e campo elétrico estático em células humanas.
Keywords in Portuguese
Ciclo celular
Curvas de sobrevivência
Radiação gama
Radiologia
Radioterapia
Reparo de DNA
Abstract in Portuguese
Neste trabalho estudamos o efeito da exposição de células humanas à radiação ionizante e em associação a campos elétricos exógenos estáticos. A linhagem T47D de células de carcinoma ductal mamário foi irradiada com gamas no intervalo 0 8 Gy. A viabilidade celular da linhagem T47D exposta à radiação gama e campo elétrico estático (CEE) de 1.250 V/cm foi cerca de 12% inferior à viabilidade observada apenas com irradiação. Quando aplicado isoladamente por 24 e 72 horas o CEE não induziu toxicidade. A imunofluorescência realizada na linhagem normal MRC5 (fibroblasto de pulmão humano normal) quantificou a expressão da histona -H2AX. A quantidade de histonas fosforiladas foi cerca de 40% maior após irradiação com 2 Gy mais CEE aplicado por 1h, indicando que o campo elétrico interferiu negativamente no processo de reparo das quebras duplas de DNA. A análise de citometria de fluxo (FACS) mostrou que em células T47D tratadas com 1 e 2 Gy por 24 horas o CEE também interferiu negativamente no processo de reparo do DNA, notadamente pelo maior acúmulo de células na fase S.
Title in English
Effect of the combined action of gamma radiation and static fields in human cells.
Keywords in English
Cell cycle
DNA repair
Gamma radiation
Radiobiology
Radiotherapy
Survival curve
Abstract in English
Our goal is the study in human cells of the effect resulting from the association of irradiation with exposure to exogenous static electric fields. The T47D cell line of breast cancer cells was irradiated with gammas in the 0 8 Gy doses range. The viability of this T47D cells exposed to both gamma radiation and 1.250 V/cm static electric field (SEF) was about 12% lower than when only irradiated. The sole exposure of the cells to SEF by 24 and 72 hours didnt induce toxicity. Immunofluorescence runs carried out in irradiated normal MRC5 cell line of human lung fibroblast have quantified the expression of the g-H2AX histone. The amount of phosphorylated histones was approximately 40% higher after irradiation with 2 Gy plus exposure to a SEF by 1 hour, showing that the electric field negatively interfered in the repairing process of the DNA double strand breaks. The flow cytometry analysis with FACS showed that in T47D cells treated with 1 and 2 Gy by 24 hours the SEF also negatively interfered in the DNA repairing process, as evidenced by the higher accumulation of cells in the S phase.
 
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Publishing Date
2009-03-19
 
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