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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.88.2009.tde-09112009-152941
Document
Author
Full name
Maria Cristina Adami Gatti
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Tarpani, José Ricardo (President)
Botelho, Edson Cocchieri
Rezende, Mirabel Cerqueira
Spinelli, Dirceu
Tita, Volnei
Title in Portuguese
Tenacidade à fratura translaminar dinâmica de um laminado híbrido metal-fibra titânio-grafite de grau aeronáutico
Keywords in Portuguese
Ensaio de Impacto Charpy
Laminados compósitos
Materiais aeronáuticos
Tenacidade à fratura dinâmica
Abstract in Portuguese
Diversos critérios de tenacidade à fratura translaminar dinâmica foram determinados para o laminado híbrido metal-fibra TiGra, empregando-se conceitos e metodologias da Mecânica da Fratura Elástica Linear MFEL (fator-K) e da Mecânica da Fratura Elasto-Plástica MFEP (integral-J). Verificou-se que as tenacidades de iniciação elasto-plástica, Jid, e de carga máxima, Jmd, do TiGra são controladas pelo desenvolvimento, ou supressão de delaminações. Os resultados indicaram que o emprego deste material se justifica mais pela sua resistência à propagação de danos (caracterizada por Jmd) do que à iniciação da fratura dinâmica (por Jid). De modo geral, os requisitos de validade de Jid como verdadeira propriedade do material (JId) foram satisfeitos, embora para Jmd boa parte das restrições quanto ao tamanho mínimo do corpo-de-prova tenha sido violada. Mais freqüentemente, velocidades mais rápidas de impacto beneficiaram as tenacidades-J do TiGra, enquanto que temperaturas mais elevadas afetaram negativamente estas propriedades. Quanto à MFEL, a tenacidade KJd do TiGra foi beneficiada pelo incremento na taxa de carregamento sob temperaturas mais elevadas, enquanto que a tenacidade Kid foi negativamente afetada pela taxa de deformação em todas as temperaturas avaliadas. Temperaturas mais altas também degradaram as propriedades de tenacidade-K do TiGra. Em oposição às tenacidades-J, os critérios KJd e Kid não satisfizeram em absoluto os mais exigentes critérios de contenção de plasticidade estabelecidos pela MFEL, se comparados aos propostos pela MFEP. Por fim, o desempenho mecânico do laminado TiGra foi severamente comprometido quando do cômputo da densidade específica para a determinação das tenacidades J e K por unidade de massa, sendo nesta ocasião o laminado híbrido facilmente superado por vários laminados convencionais da classe dos Carbono-Epóxi.
Title in English
Dynamic translaminar fracture toughness of aeronautical grade titanium-graphite hybrid fiber-metal laminate
Keywords in English
Aircraft composite laminates
Dynamic fracture toughness
Instrumented Charpy impact testing
Translaminar fracture
Abstract in English
Several dynamic translaminar fracture toughness criteria have been determined for TiGr hybrid fiber-metal laminate through Linear Elastic (K-factor) and Elastic-Plastic (J-integral) Fracture Mechanics (LEFM and EPFM, respectively) concepts and methodologies. Instrumented Charpy impact testing was carried out over a wide range of temperatures under two loading rates. It has been discovered that the elastic-plastic initiation toughness, Jid, and the toughness at maximum load, Jmd, of TiGr are controlled by either delamination favoring or suppression. Impact tests revealed that the in-service use of TiGr must rely on its resistance to dynamic fracture propagation (as characterized by Jmd) rather than on fracture initiation (by Jid). In a broad sense, the requirements for Jid data validity as a material property (JId) were fulfilled, whereas many restrictive demands in regard to the minimum testpiece size were violated by the Jmd criterion. Generally, higher impact velocities were beneficial to TiGrs J-toughnesses, inasmuch as higher temperatures impaired these properties. Regarding the LEFM approach, KJd toughness of TiGr laminate was imparted by faster impacts at higher temperatures, whilst the strain rate negatively influenced the Kid toughness over the whole temperature range tested. Higher temperatures also degraded the K-toughness properties of TiGr hybrid laminate. Differently from J-toughnesses values, the KJd e Kid criteria did not satisfy at all the more stringent criteria set forth by the LEFM approach with regard to plastic constraint, as compared to those established by EPFM. Finally, the mechanical performance of TiGr laminate was overwhelmingly compromised as the materials specific gravity was taken in account to obtain K and J toughness values by unit weight, so that TiGr was by far exceeded in this regard by conventional Carbon/Epoxy composite laminates.
 
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Publishing Date
2009-11-18
 
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