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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.88.1998.tde-22042015-211409
Document
Author
Full name
Alexandre Machado Ferraz
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 1998
Supervisor
Committee
Messaddeq, Younes (President)
Gonzalez, Jose Pedro Donoso
Santilli, Celso Valentim
Title in Portuguese
Análise da relaxação de tensão uniaxial em vidros de fluoretos
Keywords in Portuguese
Relaxação de tensão
Vidros de fluoretos
Abstract in Portuguese
O presente trabalho visa o estudo e análise da relaxação de tensão em vidros de fluoroindatos em temperaturas pouco abaixo de Tg, temperatura de transição vítrea. Amostras com composição 40InF3-20SrF2-l6BaF2-20ZnF2-GdF3-2NaF (mol%) foram preparadas em atmosfera controlada e caracterizadas utilizando-se as técnicas de Calorimetria Diferencial, Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura, Refratometria, Picnometria e Infra- Vermelho. A medida da resposta temporal da relaxação de tensão foi realizada por Microelipsometria utilizando um programa de aquisição de dados desenvolvido no presente trabalho, com visualização gráfica e interação com o usuário em tempo real de ensaio. Uma câmara seca, projetada e construída para colocação de um fomo cilíndrico em atmosfera controlada, foi utilizada conjuntamente com a adaptação de microelipsômetro. Durante o processo de relaxação, pequenos sulcos apareceram na superfície do vidro afetando o seu comportamento após um determinado período. Medidas em atmosfera seca mostraram que a umidade é um importante parâmetro no processo de relaxação
Title in English
Not available
Keywords in English
Not available
Abstract in English
Analysis of stress relaxation in fluoroindate Glasses at temperatures slightly lower than the Tg, glass transition temperature, have been reported. Glass samples with composition 40InF3-20SrF2-l6BaF2-20ZnF2-GdF3-2NaF (mol%) have been prepared under controlled atmosphere and characterized by the following techniques: Differential Scanning Calorimetry, Scanning Electron Microscope, Refractometry, Picnometry and Infra-Red Spectroscopy. The time response measurement of stress relaxation have been determined by the Microellipsometer technique using a data acquisition program developed in this research, with graphic visualization and interaction with the user at the real time of the experiment. A dry box designed and built for the introduction of a cylindrical forge in controlled atmosphere have been used with a microe1ipsometer. During the relaxation process, very small grooves appeared on the glass surface affecting its behaviour after a determined period of time. Measurements in dry atmosphere showed that humidity was an important parameter in the relaxation process
 
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Publishing Date
2015-06-23
 
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