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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.9.2017.tde-24052017-162123
Document
Author
Full name
Marcelo Sansone
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Nascimento, João Roberto Oliveira do (President)
Brito, Cyro Alves de
Fernandes, Cristina Maria
Moreira, Vanessa
Shiga, Tânia Misuzu
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação do perfil imunomodulador de frações polissacarídicas não-amido isoladas de banana
Keywords in Portuguese
Banana
Imunomodulação
Macrófagos
Monócitos
Polissacarídeos não-amido
Abstract in Portuguese
Os alimentos desempenham papel fundamental na nutrição e também na imunidade, pois podem conter substâncias que interagem direta ou indiretamente com o sistema imune, principalmente o de mucosas. Alguns polissacarídeos não-amido (PNAs) originados de plantas, algas e fungos comestíveis podem modular a função imune, contribuindo para a manutenção da saúde. A banana apresenta composição monossacarídica da parede celular similar à de plantas com efeitos imunomoduladores, permitindo formular a hipótese de que os PNAs dessa fruta também tenham essas propriedades. Assim, o objetivo foi extrair, purificar e caracterizar PNAs hidrossolúveis da polpa de banana das cultivares Nanicão e Thap Maeo e testá-los em cultivos de macrófagos RAW 267.4, células THP-1, macrófagos diferenciados por PMA THP-1 e células HL-60 in vitro avaliando a ação imunomoduladora através da dosagem de citocinas, NO e ensaios de fagocitose. As frações hidrossolúveis foram caracterizadas quanto ao seu conteúdo monossacarídico e ligações por hidrólise enzimática, identificando homogalacturonanos, mananos, arabinogalactanos, xilogalacturonanos e galactoglucomananos. As frações foram testadas para ausência de endotoxinas e viabilidade celular por MTT. Foram estabelecidas as doses não-tóxicas e ensaiadas as concentrações de 10, 50 e 200 µg.ml-1 das frações polissacarídicas para os testes in vitro. Não houve toxicidade para macrófagos e monócitos, enquanto que para a linhagem de células pro-mielóciticas de leucemia humana HL-60, as frações se mostraram citotóxicas. Houve aumento de atividade fagocítica nas frações WSP, UFP e HTP quando comparadas ao controle negativo de células, assim como a produção de citocinas inflamatórias como IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-6, além da quimiocina IL-8 nas células oriundas de THP-1 e diminuição nos marcadores TLR-2 com aumento de CD14 nas células THP-1, além do aumento do tamanho celular promovido pelas frações polissacarídicas mostrando diferenciação para série granulocítica. Portanto, PNAs de ambas as cultivares de banana possuem potencial imunomodulador seja inflamatório, anti-inflamatório ou de diferenciação de células THP-1 imaturas in vitro.
Title in English
Evaluation of the immunomodulatory profile of non-starch polysaccharide fractions isolated from banana.
Keywords in English
Banana
Immunomodulation
Macrophages
Monocytes
Non-starch polysaccharides
Abstract in English
Food plays a major role in nutrition as in immunity, as they may contain substances that interact directly or indirectly with the immune system, especially those located on mucous membranes. Some non-starch polysaccharides (NSPs) originate from plants, algae, and edible fungi can modulate immune function, contributing to the maintenance of health. The banana presents cell wall monosaccharide composition like the other plant polysaccharides with immunomodulatory effects allowing to formulate the hypothesis that this fruit NSPs also have these properties. The objective was to extract, purify and characterize water-soluble banana pulp NSPs of Nanicão and Thap Maeo cultivars and test them in vitro on cell lineages of RAW 267.4 macrophages, PMA differentiated THP-1 macrophages, THP-1 monocytes, and HL-60, evaluating their immunomodulatory action by the dosage of cytokines, NO and phagocytosis assays. Water-soluble fractions were characterized as to their content and monosaccharide linkages by enzymatic hydrolysis, identifying homogalacturonans, mannans, arabinogalactans, xylogalacturonan, and galactoglucomannans in its composition. Fractions were tested for the absence of endotoxins and cell viability by MTT. Non-toxic concentrations doses of 10, 50 and 200 µg.ml-1 of the polysaccharide fractions were established for in vitro testing. The NSPs fractions WSP, UFP, and HTP tested promoted an increase in phagocytic activity in THP-1 PMA derived macrophages compared to negative control cells, as well as the production of inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-6. An increase in the THP-1 CD14 cell receptor and decrease in CD33, CD123, CD11c and TLR-2 receptors were promoted by the banana polysaccharides. Besides, there was an increase in cell size showing cell differentiation towards granulocyte line and demonstrating that NSPs from both cultivars were immunomodulatory with a capacity of immature cell differentiation and proving that in vitro screening test is an efficient method to test other foodborne substances with immunomodulatory potential.
 
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Publishing Date
2017-05-30
 
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