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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.9.1991.tde-19032008-161501
Document
Author
Full name
Adalberto Pessoa Junior
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 1991
Supervisor
Committee
Sato, Sunao (President)
Brazzach, Milton Leoncio
Mancilha, Ismael Maciel de
Title in Portuguese
Produção de biomassa microbiana a partir de hidrolisado hemicelulósico de bagaço de cana-de-açúcar
Keywords in Portuguese
Acido Hidrolisado
Ácidos
Bagaço de cana
Proteína de unicelulares
Abstract in Portuguese
Para a melhor extração da fração hemicelulósica do bagaço de cana-de-açúcar e obtenção do hidrolisado contendo uma mistura de açúcares, predominantemente de xilose, foi definido o processo de hidrólise com ácido na concentração de 100 mg H2S04/g m.s. a 140 °C por 20 minutos de reação. O hidrolisado hemicelulósico obtido foi utilizado para avaliação do crescimento celular e consumo de açúcares por 19 cepas de leveduras e 03 de fungos. Candida tropicalis lZ 1824 foi selecionada como promissora para produção de biomassa microbiana (11,0 g.l-1) e consumo de ART (89,8%) e apresentar fator de conversão (YK/S) de 0.50 g.g-1. Foi verificado ainda que a levedura selecionada apresentou melhores rendimentos em biomassa e consumo de ART, quando cultivada em hidrolisado suplementado com P2O5 (2.0 g.l-1) e uréia (2,0 g.l-1) a pH inicial 6,0. Finalmente verificou-se que na vazão específica de aeração de 2,0 v/v/m houve a maior velocidade específica máxima de crescimento (0,108 h-1), quando comparada com cultivos realizados a 1,0 v/v/m. A biomassa microbiana obtida nestas condições apresentou um teor protéico de 31, 3% com composição de aminoácidos comparável ao padrão da FAO.
Title in English
Production of single cell protein from sugarcane bagasse hemicellulose hydrolysate
Keywords in English
Acid hydrolisate
Acids
Single-cell protein
Sugarcane bagasse
Abstract in English
For a better extraction of the hemicellulosic fraction from the sugar cane bagasse and obtention of hydrolysate containing a mixture of sugars, predominantly xylose, the hydrolysis process was defined, with acid in the concentration of 100 mg H2SO4/g dry matter, at 140 °C for 20 minutes of reaction. The hemicellulosic hydrolysate obtained was utilized for evaluation of cell growth and sugars consumption by 19 yeast stocks and 3 fungi stocks. Candida tropicalis lZ 1824 was selected for being considered as very promissing for production of microbial biomass (11,8 g.l-1) and TRS consumption (89,8%) and also for presenting a conversion factor (YK/S) of 0,50 g.g-1. It was noticed that the selected yeast gave greater biomass yields and TRS consumption when cultivated in hydrolysate supplemented with P2O5 (2,0 g.l-1) and urea (2,0 g.l-1) at initial pH 6,0. At last it was observed that the specific aeration flow of 2,0 v/v/m caused the highest maximum specific growth velocity (0,108 h-1) when compared to the cultivation accomplished of 1,0 v/v/m. The microbial bíomass obtained under these conditions presented a 31,3% protein content with a composition of amino acids comparable to the FAD standard.
 
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Publishing Date
2008-03-20
 
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