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Master's Dissertation
DOI
Document
Author
Full name
Roberta Polak
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Pitombo, Ronaldo Nogueira de Moraes (President)
Higa, Olga Zazuco
Polakiewicz, Bronislaw
Title in Portuguese
Preparação, avaliação físico-química e biológica in vitro de pericárdio bovino conjugado com fibroína de seda/quitosana via liofilização e irradiação
Keywords in Portuguese
Fibroína de seda
Liofilização
Pericárdio bovino
Quitosana
Radiação ionizante
Abstract in Portuguese
Neste trabalho, a irradiação por feixe de elétrons foi estudada como uma ferramenta para a reticulação do tecido de pericárdio bovino (PB). A conjugação de quitosana e fibroína de seda no tecido de PB liofilizado também foi objeto de estudo deste trabalho. Para isto, amostras de PB foram liofilizadas e irradiadas em um acelerador de elétrons utilizando-se diferentes doses e taxas de dose. Essas amostras foram analisadas por calorimetria exploratória diferencial (DSC), análises termogravimétricas (TGA), espectroscopia Raman, teste de intumescimento, microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV), microscopia eletrônica de transmissão (MET), testes de tração e quanto sua biofuncionalidade. Após as análises foi possível concluir que a irradiação do tecido na ausência de oxigênio favorece a reticulação das fibras de colágeno, enquanto na presença de oxigênio observou-se preferencialmente a cisão das fibras de colágeno. Ambas as amostras apresentaram diminuição de suas propriedades mecânicas. Também pôde-se concluir que a irradiação tanto na ausência quanto na presença de oxigênio produz um novo biomaterial cuja adesão e proliferação de células endoteliais é favorecida ao longo do tecido. Na segunda etapa deste trabalho amostras de PB liofilizadas foram incorporadas em soluções de quitosana, fibroína de seda e suas misturas (1:3, 1:1, 3:1). Depois de modificadas, as amostras foram novamente liofilizadas e submetidas à irradiação. Estas amostras foram caracterizadas por espectroscopia Raman, e avaliadas quanto sua citotoxicidade, biofuncionalidade e potencial de calcificação. Após lavagens das amostras de biomaterial com solução aquosa (NaCl 0,9%), as mesmas não apresentaram toxicidade. O teste de biofuncionalidade mostrou que as amostras de PQSFI (todas as proporções) favoreceram a adesão e crescimento das células endoteliais. Todas as amostras induziram a calcificação, entretanto apresentaram uma relação Ca/P menor do que a da hidroxiapatita.
Title in English
Preparation, physico-chemical and biological in vitro evaluation of bovine pericardium combined with silk fibroin/chitosan via freeze-drying and irradiation
Keywords in English
Bovine pericardium
Chitosan
Freezedrying
Ionizing radiation
Silk fibroin
Abstract in English
In this work, electron beam irradiation was studied as a crosslinker of bovine pericardium tissue (BP). The treatment of BP with chitosan and silk fibroin was also the goal of this study. Samples of BP were freeze-dried and irradiated in an electron beam accelerator using different doses and dose rates. Samples were analyzed by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Raman spectroscopy, water uptake tests, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), tensile tests and evaluation as biofunctionality. After analysis, it was concluded that irradiation of the tissue in the absence of oxygen promotes crosslinking of collagen fibers. On the other hand, in the presence of oxygen the chain scission of the collagen fibers was observed, and both samples suffered a decrease in their mechanical properties. It was also concluded that irradiation, both in the absence or presence of oxygen, promotes the adhesion and proliferation of endothelial cells throughout the tissue. In the second part of this work, lyophilized BP were incorporated into chitosan, silk fibroin solutions and mixtures of chitosan/silk fibroin in the ratio of 1:3, 1:1, 3:1. Then, the samples were again lyophilized and submitted to irradiation. These samples were characterized by Raman spectroscopy, and tested for their cytotoxicity, biofunctionality, and calcification. After washing the biomaterial with aqueous solution (NaCl 0.9%), the samples did not show cytotoxicity. Biofunctionality test showed that PQSFI samples (all proportions) promoted the adhesion and growth of endothelial cells. All samples induced calcification, but they exhibited a Ca/P ratio lower than hydroxyapatite.
 
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Publishing Date
2011-05-13
 
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