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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.9.2008.tde-15012009-145201
Document
Author
Full name
Simone Sorkin Arazi
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Hirata, Rosario Dominguez Crespo (President)
Dorea, Egidio Lima
Maria-Engler, Silvya Stuchi
Nakandakare, Edna Regina
Navarrete, Luis Antonio Salazar
Title in Portuguese
Efeitos de hipolipemiantes e polimorfismos sobre a expressão dos genes HMGCR, LDLR, SREBF1a, SREBF2, SCAP e NPC1L1 em indivíduos hipercolesterolêmicos.
Keywords in Portuguese
Antilipêmicos (Análise; Efeitos)
Expressão gênica
Ezetimiba
Farmacogenética
Hipercolesterolemia
Polimorfismo
SREBPs
Vastatinas
Abstract in Portuguese
A homeostase do colesterol é mediada por proteínas envolvidas na absorção (NPC1L1), regulação (SREBP1, SREBP2, SCAP), síntese (HMGCR) e remoção plasmática (LDLR). Os fármacos inibidores da síntese (vastatinas) e absorção (ezetimiba) do colesterol são potentes agentes hipocolesterolemiantes. Alterações em vários genes têm sido associadas a diferenças na resposta a diversos agentes terapêuticos. Com a finalidade de estudar os efeitos de hipolipemiantes e polimorfismos sobre a expressão dos genes HMGCR, LDLR, SREBF1a, SREBF2, SCAP e NPC1L1, foram selecionados 25 indivíduos com hipercolesterolemia familial (HF), 72 com hipercolesterolemia não familial (HNF) e 125 indivíduos normolipidêmicos e sem doença cardiovascular (NL). Os indivíduos HF foram tratados com sinvastatina (40 mg/dia/4 sem) combinada ou não com ezetimiba (10 mg/dia/4sem) e os HNF foram tratados com atorvastatina (10 mg/dia/4sem). Amostras de sangue foram obtidas antes e após o tratamento para a extração de DNA e RNA e analise do perfil lipídico sérico. A expressão de mRNA dos genes SREBF1a, SREBF2, SCAP, HMGCR, LDLR e NPC1L1 em células mononucleares do sangue periférico (CMSP) foi determinada por RT-PCR em tempo real empregando-se o gene da GAPD como controle endógeno. Os polimorfismos SREBF1a 36delG, SREBF2 G1784C e SCAP A2386G foram determinados por PCR-RFLP. Os indivíduos HF apresentaram maior expressão de mRNA dos genes NPC1L1, HMGCR e LDLR que os grupos HNF e NL (p<0,05). O efeito da atorvastatina sobre a expressão dos genes estudados parece depender da expressão basal nos indivíduos HNF. A variação da expressão após o tratamento com atorvastatina nos pacientes do grupo HNF esteve correlacionada nos genes: SREBF1a e SREBF2; SREBF1a e SCAP; SREBF1a e LDLR; SREBF2 e SCAP; SREBF2 e LDLR; HMGCR e LDLR. O tratamento com sinvastatina e ezetimiba não modificou o padrão de expressão dos genes estudados no grupo HF. Os polimorfismos SREBF2 G1784C e SCAP A2386G parecem estar relacionados com diminuição da expressão de mRNA após o tratamento com atorvastatina. Foi observado que os portadores do genótipo GG do polimorfismo SREBF2 G1784C apresentaram maiores concentrações séricas de colesterol total e LDL-C após o tratamento com atorvastatina. O polimorfismo SCAP A2386G parece estar associado com maiores concentrações de apoB em pacientes do grupo HNF antes do tratamento com atorvastatina. Os resultados são sugestivos que os genes HMGCR, LDLR e NPC1L1 são regulados diferentemente de acordo com o estado metabólico do indivíduo e a taxa de expressão de mRNA é influenciada pelos polimorfismos SREBF2 G1784C e SCAP A2386G após o tratamento com atorvastatina
Title in English
Lipid lowering and polymorphisms effects on the expression of HMGCR, LDLR, SREBF1a, SREBF2, SCAP and NPC1L1 genes in hypercholesterolemic subjects.
Keywords in English
Ezetimibe
Gene expression
Hypercholesterolaemia
Pharmacogenetics
SREBPs
Statins
Abstract in English
The regulation of cholesterol is mediated by proteins involved in the absorption (NPC1L1), regulation (SREBP1, SREBP2, SCAP), synthesis (HMGCR) and removal of plasma cholesterol (LDLR). Potent hypocholesterolemic agents inhibit cholesterol synthesis (statins) and its absortion (ezetimibe). Changes in several genes have been associated to different responses to various therapeutic agents. In order to evaluate the association between genes involved in the metabolism of cholesterol and their response to lipid lowering drugs, patients with familial (FH, n = 25) and non familial hypercholesterolemia (NHF, n = 72) were selected. Additionally, 125 normolipidemic individuals and without cardiovascular disease were selected (NL). The HF group were treated with simvastatin (40 mg/day/4 weeks) combined or not with ezetimibe (10 mg/day/4weeks). The NHF group were treated with atorvastatin (10 mg/day/4weeks). Blood samples were obtained prior to and following treatment for extraction of DNA and RNA, and serum lipid profile analysis. The mRNA expression of SREBF1a, SREBF2, SCAP, HMGCR, LDLR, and NPC1L1 genes was determined by real time RT-PCR using the GAPD gene as endogenous control. The polymorphisms SREBF1a-36delG, SREBF2 G1784C, and SCAP A2386G were determined by PCR-RFLP. Individuals with HF showed higher expression of mRNA of genes NPC1L1, HMGCR and LDLR when compared with HNF and NL groups (p <0.05). The effect of atorvastatin on the gene expression seems to depend on the baseline expression in HNF subjects. The change of expression after treatment with atorvastatin in group HNF was correlated as followed: SREBF1a and SREBF2; SREBF1a and SCAP; SREBF1a and LDLR; SREBF2 and SCAP; SREBF2 and LDLR; HMGCR and LDLR. Treatment with simvastatin and ezetimibe did not change the gene-expression profile in HF group. The polymorphisms SREBF2 G1784C, and SCAP A2386G appear to be related to a decreased expression of mRNA after treatment with atorvastatin. HNF group Carriers of GG genotype of SREBF2 G1784C polymorphism had higher serum concentrations of total cholesterol and LDL-C after therapy. The SCAP A2386G polymorphism seems to be associated with higher concentrations of apoB in patients from HNF group prior to treatment with atorvastatin. The results suggest that the HMGCR, LDLR and NPC1L1 genes are regulated according to the metabolic status of the individual, and the expression rate of mRNA is influenced by SREBF2 G1784C and SCAP A2386G polymorphisms after atorvastatin therapy.
 
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SIMONESORKINARAZI.pdf (19.43 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2009-03-04
 
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