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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.9.2017.tde-30112015-165000
Document
Author
Full name
Karla Letícia Santiago
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Almeida, Sandro Rogerio de (President)
Faulin, Tanize do Espirito Santo
Bezerra, Leila Maria Lopes
Boscardin, Silvia Beatriz
Taborda, Carlos Pelleschi
Title in Portuguese
Construção e expressão de anticorpo humanizado a partirdo anticorpo monoclonal contra proteína de 70 kDa de Sporotrix schenckii (P6E7)
Keywords in Portuguese
Anticorpo monoclonal
Esporotricose
gp 70 kDa
Humanização
Sporotrix schenchii
Abstract in Portuguese
Sporothrix shenckii é o agente etiológico da esporotricose, micose de carater crônico e de ampla distribuição mundial. No Brasil, vem crescendo o número de casos da doença, bem como a incidência de formas clínicas graves ou atípicas. Nosso grupo de pesquisa desenvolveu um anticorpo monoclonal contra o componente antigênico proteíco de 70 kDa, secretado pelas células leveduriformes de S. schenckii, denominado anticorpo monoclonal (AcMo) P6E7. Este AcMo apresentou atividade profilática e terapêutica na esporotricose experimental, no entanto, este anticorpo possui origem murina, o que pode gerar uma resposta imunogênica quando administrado em humanos, impossibilitando sua utilização por tempo prolongado. Visando sua possível utilização no tratamento da esporotricose humana, a nossa proposta foi a humanização do AcMo P6E7 na forma de FvFc (Fv-linker- Fc) através de engenharia genética. Inicialmente construimos duas versões uma humanizada e outra quimérica do AcMo contra a fração de 70 kDa do antigeno de S. schenckii. Os anticorpos foram expressos em vetores de expressão dicistrônicos e produzidos com eficiência e estabilidade estrutural em células de mamíferos da linhagem CHO. Posteriormente, esses anticorpos foram purificados por cromatografia de afinidade e analisados quanto a sua capacidade de ligação ao fungo e função efetora. Verificamos que os FvFcs construídos foram capazes de se ligar a porção de 70 kDa do antígeno de S. schenckii. Através de ensaios de fagocitose, constatamos que os fragmentos FvFc do P6E7 humanizado e quimérico foram capazes de opsonizar as leveduras de S. schenckii aumentando, assim, o índice fagocítico em macrófagos humanos. Esses dados em conjunto, sugerem a possível utilização do anticorpo construído no tratamento da esporotricose humana.
Title in English
Construction and expression of humanized antibody from the monoclonal antibody against the protein of 70 kDa Sporotrix schenckii (P6E7)
Keywords in English
gp 70 kDa monoclonal antibody humanization
Sporotrichosis
Sporotrix schenchii
Abstract in English
Sporothrix shenckii is the etiological agent of sporotrichosis, a chronical fungal infection that shows a worldwide distribution. In Brazil, there is a growing number of cases of sporotrichosis, as well as the incidence of severe or atypical clinical forms. Our research group developed a monoclonal antibody (mAb) against the fungal antigenic component a protein of 70 kDa, secreted by S. schenckii yeasts called P6E7. This mAb showed prophylactic and therapeutic activity in experimental sporotrichosis, however, this antibody has murine origin, which can generate an immune response when administered to humans, precluding their use for prolonged time. For its possible use in the treatment of human sporotrichosis, our proposal is the humanization of mAb P6E7 through genetic engineering. Initially, we built two versions of the original antibody: an humanized version and a chimeric antibody both against the 70 kDa fraction from S. schenckii antigen. The antibodies were expressed in dicistronic expression vectors and were efficiently produced in mammalian cells CHO strain, showing good structural stability. Subsequently, these antibodies were purified by affinity chromatography and assayed for their binding ability to the fungus and effector function. We found that the built os FvFcs (Fv-linker- Fc) fragments were capable of binding to the 70 kDa portion of S.schenckii antigen. Through phagocytosis assays, we found that the FvFc fragments from the humanized and chimeric P6E7 were able to opsonize S. schenckii yeasts, thus increasing the phagocytic index in human macrophages. Together, These data suggest the potential use of the antibodies constructed in the treatment of human sporotrichosis.
 
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Publishing Date
2017-03-14
 
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