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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
Document
Author
Full name
Mirela Cardoso Garcia
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2019
Supervisor
Committee
Baby, André Rolim (President)
Martins, Tercio Elyan Azevêdo
Duque, Marcelo Dutra
Migliato, Ketylin Fernanda
Title in English
Photoprotection / photostabilizer potential in a quercetin sunscreens: determination of physical-chemical, safety and efficacy properties
Keywords in English
Antioxidant
Flavonoid
Photoaging
Sunscreen
Abstract in English
Ultraviolet radiation (UV) is related to the development of skin cancer and photoaging, also produces free radicals or reactive oxygen species (ROS) that cause premature aging. Therefore, sunscreens with extended UV protection capacity have been studied associated with antioxidant compounds. Different components can be incorporated with the purpose of improving, the photoprotection efficiency, as well as other cosmetic attributes, creating a multifunctional product. Among the compounds, there are some to be used from natural origin that are excellent, because it reduces the side effects and toxicity. Flavonoids are good examples of natural agents, because have demonstrated photoprotective antioxidant action in food and it is also promising for topical use. The aim of this work is to develop photoprotective formulations with quercetin, evaluating potential photoprotective and antioxidant of each formulation through tests already established and described in the literature, with emphasis on in vitro testing of potential photoprotective, antioxidant and security (het-cam); ex vivo antioxidant potential (tape-stripping). The results show us the photoprotective and antioxidant capacity of quercetin and the ideal concentration for this potential, thereby contributing to the synthesis of new molecules and development of new products, concerning stable, safe and effective exposure to solar UV radiation, preventing new incidences of skin cancer and reduction of photoaging.
Title in Portuguese
Potencial fotoprotetor / fotoestabilizador de filtros solares associados à quercetina: ensaios físico-químicos e pré-clínicos
Keywords in Portuguese
Antioxidante
Flavonoide
Fotoenvelhecimento
Fotoprotetor
Abstract in Portuguese
A radiação ultravioleta (UV) está relacionada ao desenvolvimento de câncer de pele e fotoenvelhecimento, também produz radicais livres ou espécies reativas de oxigênio (EROs) que causam o envelhecimento precoce. Portanto, protetores solares com capacidade de proteção UV amplo espectro foram estudados associados a compostos antioxidantes. Diferentes componentes podem ser incorporados com o objetivo de melhorar a eficiência da fotoproteção, assim como outros atributos cosméticos criando um produto multifuncional. Entre os compostos a serem utilizados, de origem natural são excelentes, pois reduzem os efeitos colaterais e a toxicidade. Os flavonóides são bons exemplos de agentes naturais, porque demonstraram ação antioxidante fotoprotetora nos alimentos e também são promissores para uso tópico. O objetivo deste trabalho é desenvolver formulações fotoprotetoras com quercetina, avaliando potenciais fotoprotetores e antioxidantes de cada formulação através de testes já estabelecidos e descritos na literatura com ênfase em ensaios in vitro de potenciais fotoprotetores, antioxidantes e de segurança (het-cam); potencial antioxidante ex vivo (tape-stripping). Os resultados nos mostram a capacidade fotoprotetora e antioxidante da quercetina e a concentração ideal para este potencial, contribuindo para a síntese de novas moléculas e desenvolvimento de novos produtos estáveis, seguros e eficazes em relação à exposição à radiação solar UV, prevenindo novas incidências de câncer de pele e redução do fotoenvelhecimento.
 
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Publishing Date
2019-10-18
 
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