• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.9.2009.tde-31032010-095012
Document
Author
Full name
Andrea Ikeda Takahashi
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Ferraz, Humberto Gomes (President)
Araujo, Adriano Antunes de Souza
Santos, Carlos de Oliveira Paiva
Title in Portuguese
Obtenção e caracterização de complexos binários e ternários de sinvastatina e ciclodextrinas
Keywords in Portuguese
Caracterização de complexos de inclusão
Ciclodextrina
Complexos binários
Complexos ternários
Farmacotécnica
Sinvastatina
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo do presente trabalho foi obter complexos binários e ternários de sinvastatina (SNV) e ciclodextrinas (CDs) utilizando diferentes tipos de CDs, métodos de secagem e polímeros para selecionar aquele que proporcionam um maior aumento da solubilidade aquosa do fármaco. Inicialmente complexos com diferentes CDs, a α, β, γ, e hidroxi-propil-β (HPβCD) foram obtidos através da secagem em estufa. Foram empregados os seguintes ensaios para sua caracterização: solubilidade, DSC, TG e difração de raios X. Adicionalmente, foi realizada a modelagem molecular com simulações de dinâmica molecular. O complexo com γCD parece ser o mais adequado para a complexação com a SNV, pois, foi o mais estável (menor energia) na modelagem molecular, além de ter apresentado uma nova fase sólida na difração de raios X. Complexos de SNV, γCD ou HPβCD foram obtidos por diferentes métodos de secagem (estufa com circulação forçada de ar, coevaporação, liofilização e estufa a vácuo) e a caracterização foi realizada através da solubilidade, DSC, TG e difração de raios X. Todos os complexos melhoraram a solubilidade da SNV, mas quando comparados às respectivas misturas físicas, o ganho foi baixo. As curvas DSC e a difração de raios X indicam que, no máximo, pode ter ocorrido uma complexação parcial em alguns casos. O que se verifica é que mesmo o complexo que apresentou maior ganho de solubilidade (HPβCD obtido pela coevaporação), a complexação do não foi total. Complexos ternários de SNV, βCD e diferentes polímeros (polietilenoglicol 1500, polietilenoglicol 4000, povidona, copovidona, crospovidona, maltodextrina e hidroxipropil-metilcelulose) foram preparados utilizando-se a coevaporação. A caracterização dos complexos foi realizada através da solubilidade, DSC e TG. Para todos os complexos houve ganho de solubilidade, mas apenas quando foi utilizado a crospovidona e a maltodextrina, existe diferença significativa entre a solubilidade observada para a mistura física e aquela registrada para o complexo. As curvas DSC indicam que ainda existe fármaco na forma livre até mesmo nos complexos que apresentaram maior solubilidade, dessa forma, nenhum dos polímeros utilizados foi capaz de promover um complexação total da SNV.
Title in English
Attainment and characterization of binary and ternary complexes of simvastatin and cyclodextrins.
Keywords in English
Binary complexes
Characterization of inclusion complexes
Cyclodextrin
Pharmacotechniques
Simvastatin
Ternary complexes
Abstract in English
The purpose of this study was to obtain binary and ternary complexes of simvastatin (SV) and cyclodextrins (CDs) using different types of CDs, drying methods and polymers, to select those that offer greater increase in aqueous solubility of the drug. Initially, different complexes with CDs, α, β, γ, and hydroxy-propyl-β (HPβCD), were obtained using oven drying. The following tests were performed for complexes´s characterization: solubility, DSC, TG and X-ray diffraction. Additionally, molecular modeling was performed with molecular dynamics simulations. The complex with γCD seems to be the most suitable for complexation with the SV, since it has been the most stable (lowest energy) in molecular modeling, and has presented a new solid phase in X-ray diffraction. Complex of SV, γCD or HPβCD were obtained by different drying methods (forced air circulation oven, co-evaporation, freeze drying and vacuum oven) and the characterization was performed by solubility, DSC, TG and X-ray diffraction. All the complexes improved the solubility of SV, but when compared to their physical mixtures, the gain is low. The DSC curves and X-ray diffraction indicates that, at most, a partial complexation may have happened in some cases. It was verified that even the complex that had greater increase in solubility (HPβCD obtained by co-evaporation), the complexation was not total. Ternary complexes of SV, βCD and different polymers (polyethyleneglycol 1500, polyethyleneglycol 4000, povidone, copovidone, crospovidone, maltodextrin and hydroxypropyl-methyl-cellulose) were prepared using the co-evaporation. The characterization of the complexes was performed by solubility, DSC and TG. For all complexes there was a gain of solubility, but only when crospovidone and maltodextrin were used, there was a significant difference between the solubility observed for the physical mixture and the complex. The DSC curves indicate that non comlexed drug is still present, even in the complexes that had higher solubility. Thus, none of the polymers was able to promote a total complexation of SV.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Publishing Date
2010-04-05
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2020. All rights reserved.