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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.9.2013.tde-15012014-151634
Document
Author
Full name
Fernanda Branco Filippin
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Engler, Silvya Stuchi Maria (President)
Ferreira, Carmen Verríssima
Loureiro, Ana Paula de Melo
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação da atividade citotóxica e melanogênica do complexo de platina (II) com derivado de hidantoína em melanoma
Keywords in Portuguese
Complexo de platina (II) com derivado de hidantoína
Melanogênese
Melanoma
Tirosinase
Abstract in Portuguese
Considerando o melanoma a forma mais agressivas de câncer de pele e mais resistente aos tratamentos convencionais, o presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a atividade de um novo complexo de platina (II) com derivado de hidantoína (CX42) em células de melanoma humano e murino. Foram utilizados também para comparação células da pele (fibroblastos, queratinócitos e melanócitos) e os compostos cisplatina (CIS) e complexo de hidantoína isolado (NN10). Ensaios de viabilidade, ciclo e morte celular foram realizados. Investigou-se também a atividade da enzima tirosinase, principal enzima que regula a síntese de melanina durante o processo conhecido como melanogênese. Como resultados, obteve-se a diminuição da viabilidade celular e parada de ciclo na fase G0/G1 nas células de melanoma, principalmente na linhagem murina B16F10, frente ao composto CX42. Em células B16F10, foi possível observar estímulo na melanogênese, com aumento da atividade da enzima tirosinase. O CX42 apresentou uma atividade com efeito citostático nas células de melanoma, não sendo observado efeito citotóxico nas células da pele. Ainda, com a prévia estimulação da melanogênese, o CX42 apresentou-se mais efetivo, aumentando a morte celular em 40% por apoptose. Portanto, conclui-se que o CX42 diminuiu a viabilidade celular e seu efeito foi mais intenso quando as células apresentavam-se pigmentadas, demonstrando indução da tirosinase e da morte celular, atributo importante para potenciais novos fármacos anti-melanoma.
Title in English
Evaluation of cytotoxic and melanogenic activity of the complex of platinum (II) with hydantoin derivative in melanoma.
Keywords in English
Complex of platinum (II) with hydantoin derivative
Melanogenesis
Melanoma
Tyrosinase
Abstract in English
Since melanoma is one of the most aggressive forms of skin cancer and more resistant to conventional treatments, the present study aimed to evaluate the activity of a new platinum complex (II) with hydantoin derivative (CX42) in melanoma cells human and murine. Skin cells (fibroblasts, keratinocytes and melanocytes) were used as control and the compounds cisplatin (CIS) and hydantoin compound alone (NN10) were also evaluated. Viability assays, cell cycle analysis and cell death characterization were performed. Likewise, the activity of tyrosinase, the key enzyme that regulates melanin synthesis during the process known as melanogenesis, was also investigated. The results demonstrated a reduction in cell viability and cell cycle arrest in G0/G1 phase of murine melanoma B16F10 treated with CX42. In B16F10 cells, it was also observed melanogenesis stimulation with increased activity of tyrosinase. The CX42 showed a selective cytostatic effect on melanoma cells, however no toxic effects were observed in skin cells. In addition, with prior stimulation of melanogenesis, the CX42 demonstrated to be more effective, increasing apoptosis cell death in 40%. Therefore, the results demonstrated that CX42 decreased cell viability and the intensity of its effect is associated with cell pigmentation, demonstrating an association between tyrosinase high activity and induction of cell death which is an important attribute for new potential anti - tumoral drugs.
 
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Publishing Date
2014-04-03
 
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