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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
Document
Author
Full name
Sabrina de Souza Ferreira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2019
Supervisor
Committee
Martins, Joilson de Oliveira (President)
Costa, Fernanda Magalhães Arantes
Keller, Alexandre de Castro
Lima, Wothan Tavares de
Title in Portuguese
Insulina modula o fenótipo de células imunes na inflamação alérgica pulmonar, aumentando a resistência pulmonar de camundongos diabéticos
Keywords in Portuguese
Asma
Células imunes
Diabetes mellitus
Hiper-reatividade
Insulina
Abstract in Portuguese
Dados mostram que o aparecimento do diabetes mellitus (DM), em pacientes previamente asmáticos, diminui os sintomas da asma, enquanto a insulina agrava a asma. Devido a dados na literatura e por dados prévios do nosso grupo, o presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito modulatório da insulina na inflamação alérgica pulmonar em camundongos diabéticos e saudáveis. Camundongos machos dibéticos BALB/c (aloxana, 50mg/kg, iv, 10 dias) foram sensibilizados com ovalbumina (OVA, 20 µg e Al (OH)3, 2 mg) 10 dias após a injeção de aloxana e uma dose reforço foi dada, após 12 dias da primeira de sensibilização, após 6 dias da dose reforço, os animais foram expostos a nebulização durante 7 dias com solução de OVA (1mg/mL) ou solução salina (SAL). Animais diabéticos foram tratados com doses múltiplas de Protamine Hagedorn Neutro (NPH) 2UI e 1UI, respectivamente, por via subcutânea 12 horas antes do desafio com OVA (às 19h) e 1UI (às 7h) 2h antes de cada desafio com OVA. Os animais não diabéticos receberam 1UI de insulina, pela mesma via 2h antes de cada desafio (às 7h), 24h após o último desafio, realizaram-se as seguintes análises: a) expressão de proteína quinase p38, proteína quinase regulada por sinais extracelulares 1 e 2 (ERK 1/2), proteína quinase ativada por estresse ou c-jun NH2- terminal (JNK) , transdutor de sinal e ativador de transcrição 3 (STAT 3) e transdutor de sinal e ativador de transcrição 6 (pSTAT 6) no homogenato de pulmão; b) perfil de imunoglobulinas presentes no soro; c) concentrações de interleucina (IL) IL-4, IL-5, IL-10, IL-13, fator de necrose tumoral alfa (TNF-α), fator de crescimento endotelial vascular (VEGF), fator de crescimento transformador beta (TGF-β) e interferon-gamma IFN-γ em homogenato de pulmão; d) migração celular em fluído do lavado broncoalveolar (LBA); e) perfil de células imunes na medula óssea, pulmão, timo e baço; f) mecânica pulmonar por BUXCO e FlexiVent. Em comparação com camundongos não diabéticos desafiados com OVA, os animais diabéticos desafiados com OVA mostraram diminuição em: ERK 1, ERK 2, JNK (fosfo54), JNK / SAPK, STAT3, pSTAT6 estava ausente; concentração da imunoglobulinas IgE, IgG1; perfil de citocinas Th2 como IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, TNF-α, VEGF, TGF-β; infiltrado inflamatório e) ausência de eosinofilia no LBA; células T, células B e eosinófilos na medula óssea, pulmão, timo e baço, e hiper-reatividade das vias aéreas. O tratamento com insulina restaubeleceu todos os parâmetros estudados. Portanto, sugerem que a insulina modula a inflamação alérgica pulmonar tardia em camundongos diabéticos.
Title in English
Insulin modulates immune cell phenotype in pulmonary allergic inflammation, increasing the pulmonary resistance of diabetic and healthy mice
Keywords in English
Asthma
Diabetes mellitus
Hyperreactivity
Immune cells
Insulin
Abstract in English
Data show that the onset of diabetes mellitus (DM) in previously asthmatic patients decreases asthma symptoms while insulin worsens asthma. Due to data in the literature and previous data from our group, the present study aimed to evaluate the modulatory effect of insulin on pulmonary allergic inflammation in diabetic and healthy mice. Ovalbumin (OVA, 20 µg and Al (OH)3, 2 mg) were sensitized at 10 days after alloxan injection and a booster dose was given , after 12 days of the first sensitization, after 6 days of booster dose, the animals were exposed to nebulization for 7 days with OVA solution (1mg / mL) or saline solution (SAL). Diabetic animals were treated with multiple doses of Protamine Hagedorn Neutral (NPH) 2UI and 1UI, respectively, subcutaneously 12 hours prior to challenge with OVA (at 7pm) and 1UI (at 7h) 2h before each challenge with OVA. Non-diabetic animals received 1UI of insulin, via the same route 2h before each challenge (at 7h), 24h after the last challenge, the following analyzes were performed: a) expression of protein kinase p38, protein kinase regulated by extracellular signals 1 and 2 (ERK 1/2), stress-activated or c-jun NH2-terminal protein kinase (JNK), signal transducer and transcriptional activator 3 (STAT 3) and signal transducer and transcriptional activator 6 (pSTAT 6) in the lung homogenate; b) profile of immunoglobulins present in serum; c) concentrations of interleukin (IL) IL-4, IL-5, IL-10, IL-13, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), transforming TGF-β) and interferon-gamma IFN-γ in lung homogenate; d) cell migration in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BAL); e) profile of immune cells in the bone marrow, lung, thymus and spleen; f) Pulmonary mechanics by BUXCO and FlexiVent. In contrast to non-diabetic mice challenged with OVA, diabetic animals challenged with OVA showed decrease in: ERK 1, ERK 2, JNK (phospho54), JNK / SAPK, STAT3, pSTAT6 was absent; IgE immunoglobulin levels, IgG1; profile of Th2 cytokines such as IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, TNF-α, VEGF, TGF-β; inflammatory infiltrate e) absence of eosinophilia in BAL; T cells, B cells and eosinophils in the bone marrow, lung, thymus and spleen, and airway hyperreactivity. The insulin treatment restored all parameters studied. Therefore, they suggest that insulin modulates late pulmonary allergic inflammation in diabetic mice.
 
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Publishing Date
2019-05-09
 
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