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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.90.2009.tde-02112010-233044
Document
Author
Full name
Alexandre do Nascimento Souza
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Jacobi, Pedro Roberto (President)
Beduschi Filho, Luiz Carlos
Guivant, Julia Silvia
Title in Portuguese
Licenciamento ambiental no Brasil sob a perspectiva da modernização ecológica.
Keywords in Portuguese
Hidrelétricas
Licenciamento Ambiental
Modernização Ecológica
Abstract in Portuguese
O Licenciamento ambiental é um dos instrumentos da Política Nacional de Meio Ambiente, estabelecida pela lei 6.938 de 1981. Nos últimos 30 anos, o país passou por inúmeras transformações econômicas, políticas e sociais. No cenário de grande potencial hidrelétrico do país, demanda crescente por energia, fortalecimento e consolidação da legislação e do sistema de gestão ambiental, participação de novos atores econômicos interessados em prover a expansão do parque de geração de energia, maior participação dos movimentos sociais na esfera pública e uma memória não muito distante de graves problemas socioambientais ocasionados pela construção de hidrelétricas; é que se dão os conflitos que perpassam todo o processo de licenciamento ambiental de hidrelétricas e do qual se ocupa essa dissertação. Entre os anos de 2004 e 2008, muitos atores econômicos e sociais envolvidos com a temática do licenciamento ambiental no país se posicionaram publicamente, sobretudo a respeito dos conflitos relacionados à concessão das licenças ambientais para empreendimentos hidrelétricos. A reflexão sociológica a qual se propôs este projeto de pesquisa utiliza a Teoria da Modernização Ecológica como instrumental teórico e busca entender o estado da arte do licenciamento ambiental de hidrelétricas no Brasil.
Title in English
Environmental Licensing in Brazil: the Ecological Modernization perspective
Keywords in English
Ecological Modernization
Environmental Licensing
Hydroelectric Power Station.
Abstract in English
The Environmental license is one of the tools of the National Environmental Policy, established by the law 6.938 of 1981. Over the past 30 years, the country has had lots of economical, political and social changes. The socio-environmental conflicts that permeate the environmental licensing process of UHEs, which constitute the subject of this dissertation, happen in a context characterized by the great hydroelectric potential of the country, the increasing demand for energy, the strengthening and consolidation of the legislation and of the environmental management system, the growing participation of the social movements in the public sphere, a recent memory of socio-environmental problems resulting from the construction of hydroelectric power stations and the participation of new economic agents interested in promoting the expansion of the energy generation park. Between 2004 and 2008, many economical and social agents that were involved with environmental licensing subjects in Brazil publicly expressed their positions, mainly in relation to the conflicts related to environmental license concession for hydroelectric enterprises. The sociological analysis of this research project uses the Ecological Modernization Theory as a theoretical instrument. It also aims to understand the environmental licensing process for hydroelectric power stations in Brazil.
 
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Publishing Date
2011-01-20
 
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