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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.91.2015.tde-11092015-092308
Document
Author
Full name
Fernanda Viegas Reichardt
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2015
Supervisor
Committee
Molina, Silvia Maria Guerra (President)
Garavello, Maria Elisa de Paula Eduardo
Lacey, Hugh Matthew
Mariconda, Pablo Ruben
Oliveira, Giancarlo Conde Xavier
Title in Portuguese
A função socioambiental das patentes de plantas geneticamente modificadas no Brasil
Keywords in Portuguese
Biotecnologia moderna
Direito de propriedade
Ecologia política
Função socioambiental da propriedade
Pensamento abissal
Abstract in Portuguese
Trata-se de um estudo interdisciplinar que aborda os aspectos socioambientais dos problemas associados ao uso da terra e à conservação da natureza, frente à legislação brasileira vigente e dentro da perspectiva da Ecologia Política. Em especial, dedica-se à Biotecnologia Moderna e ao Direito. Mais especificamente, procurou-se analisar a proteção da plantas geneticamente modificadas através de direitos de patente [direitos relativos à propriedade industrial] em contraposição à obrigação de se cumprir uma função socioambiental. A partir da teoria das linhas abissais proposta por Boaventura de Sousa Santos, buscou-se um aprofundamento da perspectiva socioambiental dos problemas relacionados à Biotecnologia Moderna. Verificou-se se os aspectos socioambientais são considerados em conjunto pela legislação e quais as implicações desta relação. Este trabalho foi desenvolvido por meio de pesquisa bibliográfica e documental, tanto em relação à Biotecnologia Moderna, quanto ao Direito. Há expectativa de que este estudo contribua com subsídios necessários para a defesa dos interesses humanos mais básicos atingidos pelos resultados das ciências genéticas e suas aplicações na agricultura moderna no Brasil.
Title in English
The socio-environmental function of the genetically modified plants patents
Keywords in English
Abyssal thought
Ecology
Law
Modern biotechnology
Socio-environmental function
Abstract in English
This inter-disciplinary study focus the social-environmental issues associated to land use and to the conservation of nature in view of the current Brazilian legislation and within a Political Ecology perspective. In particular, it is dedicated to Modern Biotechnology and Law. More specifically, we analyzed the protection of plants through patent rights [industrial property rights] in contraposition to the obligation to comply with the socio-environmental function. As a follow-up of the abyssal line theory proposed by Boaventura de Souza Santos, we look for a deepening of the socio-environmental perspective of the problems related to Modern Biotechnology. We verified if the socio-environmental aspects are being considered by the legislation, and which are the implications of this relation. This study was developed through literature and documental search, as much in Modern Biotechnology as in Law. It is expected that this study contributes with subsidies to the defense of the most basic human interests, hit by the results of genetic sciences and their applications in modern agriculture in Brazil.
 
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Publishing Date
2015-09-25
 
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