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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.93.2014.tde-27042015-163445
Document
Author
Full name
Donny Correia da Silva
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Leite, Edson Roberto (President)
Hidalgo, João Eduardo
Marques, Jane Aparecida
Title in Portuguese
Representações estéticas da metrópole no cinema de autor dos anos 1920
Keywords in Portuguese
Cinema experimental
Dadaísmo
Flâneur
Homem-da-multidão
Sinfonia da metrópole
Abstract in Portuguese
O cinema é um meio de reprodução mecânica da imagem surgido no final do século XIX, na Europa, numa época em que a sociedade e a cultura experimentavam a chegada da modernidade. Sua presença corroborou para a crise da arte pictórica e seu mecanismo de apreensão da realidade foi apropriado pelos artistas das vanguardas de ruptura, em especial os dadaístas, que passaram a utilizar o filme experimental para refletirem e criticarem seu tempo. Muitos dos artistas envolvidos com as vanguardas voltaram-se para a realização de filmes que enfocavam a metrópole e suas contradições na vida e nos costumes de seus habitantes. Este trabalho pretende partir deste ponto, quando o cinema de vanguarda se torna uma ferramenta de documentação histórica e social, procurando, como objetivo, observar a presença da metrópole nos filmes autorais realizados no início do século XX, bem como a presença de seus habitantes, buscando compreender quais procedimentos estéticos e ideológicos permeiam tais obras a partir do uso inventivo da câmera, num momento em que o cinema demonstra clara diferenciação entre a mera narração de entretenimento, e a arte como crítica e reflexão. Neste trabalho serão analisados os filmes Rien que les heures (1926), de Alberto Cavalcanti; e Berlim, sinfonia da grande cidade (1928), de Walter Ruttmann, e comparados com as produções brasileiras São Paulo, a sinfonia da metrópole (1929), de Rudolf Rex Lustig e Adalberto Kemeny; e Fragmentos da vida (1929), de José Medina. A intenção é compreender suas realizações dentro da realidade social, poética e estética de seu tempo, observar a presença da figura do flâneur em contraponto com o homem-da-multidão, e estabelecer paralelos entre os filmes europeus e os brasileiros, aqui abordados.
Title in English
Esthetics representations of the metropolis in movies of authors of the 1920 decade
Keywords in English
Dadaism
Experimental cinema
Flâneur
Man-of-the-crowd
Symphony of the metropolis
Abstract in English
The cinema is a means of mechanical reproduction of image emerged in the late nineteenth century in Europe, a time when society and culture experienced the arrival of modernity. Its presence corroborated to the crisis of pictorial art and its mechanism of apprehending reality was appropriated by artists of the vanguards of rupture, especially the Dadaists, who started using the experimental film to reflect and criticize their time. Many of the artists involved with the avant-garde turned to the production of films that focused on the metropolis and its contradictions in the life and habits of its inhabitants. This work intends to start from this point, when the avant-garde cinema becomes a tool of social and historical documentation, and seeks to observe the presence of the metropolis in films made in the early twentieth century, as well as the presence of its inhabitants, so to understand what aesthetic and ideological procedures permeate these inventive works, at a time when film shows clear differentiation between mere narration for entertainment, and art criticism and reflection. This reseach will analyze the films Rien que les heures (1926), by Alberto Cavalcanti; and Berlin, symphony of the great city (1928), by Walter Ruttmann, and will compare them with Brazilian productions São Paulo, sinfonia da metrópole (1929), by Rudolf Rex Lustig and Adalberto Kemeny; and Fragmentos da vida (1929), by José Medina. The intention is to understand their accomplishments within the social, aesthetic and poetic reality of their time, observe the presence of the figure of the flâneur as opposed to the manof- the-crowd, and draw parallels between European and Brazilian addressed movies here.
 
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Publishing Date
2015-04-27
 
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