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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.97.2011.tde-22082013-165145
Document
Author
Full name
Filipe Corrêa Pinto
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Lorena, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Sandim, Hugo Ricardo Zschommler (President)
Baptista, Carlos Antonio Reis Pereira
Pinto, Haroldo Cavalcanti
Title in Portuguese
Caracterização mecânica e microestrutural do aço API 5L - X65 soldado por feixe de elétrons
Keywords in Portuguese
Aços API 5L-X65
Aços ARBL
Constituintes Microestruturais
Soldagem por feixe de elétrons
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo deste trabalho é a caracterização mecânica e microestrutural do aço API 5L-X65 soldado por feixe de elétrons para possível aplicação no processo de fabricação de dutos para o transporte de óleo e gás. A caracterização do material será realizada por meio de microscopia ótica, análise de textura via difração de raios X, microdureza Vickers e ensaio Charpy V. Para a caracterização microestrutural, foram testados diferentes ataques químicos para a identificação das fases presentes na microestrutura de cada uma das três regiões que compõem uma junta soldada, zona fundida (ZF), zona termicamente afetada (ZTA) e o metal base (MB). As microestruturas das regiões que foram submetidas ao ciclo térmico de soldagem, apresentaram-se bastante distintas da microestrutura bandeada ferrítico-perlítica encontrada no MB. A ZTA apresentou uma estrutura de grãos refinados, as bandas perlíticas do MB se tornaram completamente difusas, não mantendo qualquer semelhança com a microestrutura perlítica anterior e também, foram evidenciadas ilhas do constituinte M-A (martensita-austenita). Na ZF foram evidenciadas as fases tipicamente encontradas em metais de solda de aços microligados, tais como: ferrita de Widmanstätten, acicular, alotriomórfica, além de bainita e ilhas do constituinte M-A. Os resultados das propriedades mecânicas do material submetido ao processo de soldagem por EBW foram satisfatórios e atendem os requisitos da Norma API 5L. Desta forma, de acordo com os resultados obtidos neste trabalho é possível a aplicação da soldagem por EBW na fabricação e montagem de sistemas de dutos.
Title in English
Mechanical and microstructural characterization of API 5L - X65 steel welded by electron beam
Keywords in English
API 5L-X65 steels
Electron beam welding
HSLA steels
Microstructural constituints
Abstract in English
The aim of this work is the mechanical and microstructural characterization of API 5L-X65 steel welds performed by electron beam welding, as well as to investigate the technical feasibility of applying this welding process in the manufacture and assembly of pipelines for oil and gas. The characterization was carried out by using light optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction texture analysis, Vickers micro-hardness testing and tests Charpy V. For the microstructural characterization, several chemical etchants were tested in order to identify the phases present in the microstructure of the regions associated to the weld, i.e. the weld metal (WM), the heat affected zone (HAZ) and the base metal (BM). The microstructures of the regions exposed to thermal welding cycles displayed quite distinct microstructure than the one found in the BM (banded ferritic-pearlitic structure). The HAZ showed a refined grain structure where the pearlite bands of BM became quite diffuse. Islands of the M-A (martensite-austenite) constituent were found in the HAZ. The phases typically found in weld metals of microalloyed steels such as Widmanstätten ferrite, acicular ferrite, allotriomorphic ferrite, bainite, and M-A constituent were found in the WM. The results of the mechanical properties of the material submitted to the welding process by EBW were satisfactory and meet the requirements of the standard API 5L. Thus, the according to the results obtained in this work is possible the application of EBW in the manufacture and assembly of pipeline systems.
 
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EMD11006.pdf (7.11 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2013-08-22
 
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