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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.97.2011.tde-22082013-171113
Document
Author
Full name
Henrique Varella Ribeiro
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Lorena, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Baptista, Carlos Antonio Reis Pereira (President)
Barboza, Miguel Justino Ribeiro
Pastoukhov, Viktor
Title in Portuguese
Estudo da propagação da trinca por fadiga em um aço de alta resistência e baixa liga após o processo de soldagem por centelhamento
Keywords in Portuguese
Aço de alta resistência e baixa liga
Análise microestrutural
Propagação de trincas por fadiga
Soldagem por centelhamento
Abstract in Portuguese
O presente trabalho visa avaliar a microestrutura em chapas de um aço de alta resistência e baixa liga após soldagem por centelhamento e quantificar a resistência ao crescimento de trincas por fadiga ao longo do cordão de solda e da zona termicamente afetada, comparando-a ao comportamento do material base. O aço em estudo, recentemente desenvolvido pela Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional sob a designação RD480, foi fornecido na forma de chapas com 5,0 mm de espessura e soldado pelo processo de centelhamento na divisão de rodas e chassis da IOCHPE-MAXION. A avaliação microestrutural do aço após o processo de soldagem por centelhamento foi realizada nas regiões do metal de base, zona termicamente afetada e metal de solda, utilizando microscopia ótica com diferentes ataques químicos e microscopia eletrônica de varredura. A caracterização mecânica foi realiza com ensaio de tração, teste de dureza Vickers e ensaio de propagação de trincas por fadiga. Para este último foram adotados corpos-de-prova do tipo compacto C(T) e carregamento senoidal de amplitude constante com frequencia 10 Hz e razão de tensão R= 0,1 e as curvas obtidas deste ensaio foram avaliadas em relação a dois modelos matemáticos, o de Paris-Erdogan e o exponencial. Após o ensaio de propagação de trincas por fadiga, as superfícies dos corpos-de-prova foram avaliadas por microscopia eletrônica de varredura. Os resultados encontrados permitiram correlacionar a resistência mecânica e a taxa de crescimento da trinca com as características microestruturais resultantes do processo de soldagem.
Title in English
Fatigue crack growth behavior of a flash-welded microalloyed steel
Keywords in English
Fatigue Crack Growth
Flash Welding
Microalloyed Steels
Microstructural Analysis
Abstract in English
This study aims to evaluate the microstructure of a high strength, low alloy (HSLA) steel after flash welding and to quantify the resistance to fatigue crack growth along the weld and heat affected zone, comparing it to the behavior of the base material. The steel under study, recently developed by the Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional under the designation RD480, was provided in the form of plates with 5.0 mm in thickness and welded by IOCHPE-MAXION, division of wheels and chassis. The microstructural evaluation of the steel after the flash welding process was performed at the base metal, heat affected zone and weld metal, using optical microscopy with different chemical attacks and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The mechanical characterization was performed by means of tensile test, Vickers hardness measurement and fatigue crack growth (FCG) test. Compact Tension C(T) specimens were chosen for the fatigue tests, and the loading was sinusoidal with constant amplitude, frequency of 10 Hz and stress ratio R = 0.1. The crack propagation test results were summarized in terms of FCG rate (da/dN) versus stress intensity factor range (?K) curves. In order to describe the FCG behavior, two models were tested: the conventional Paris equation and a new exponential equation developed for materials showing non-linear FCG behavior. The fracture surfaces of the fatigued specimens were examined via SEM in the secondary electrons regime. The results allowed correlating the mechanical strength and crack growth rate with the microestrutural characteristics resulting from the welding process.
 
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EMD11008.pdf (4.87 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2013-08-22
 
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