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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.99.2013.tde-21022014-151125
Document
Author
Full name
Juliana Ide Aoki
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Cotrim, Paulo Cesar (President)
Carboni, Beatriz Simonsen Stolf
Santos, Márcia Regina Machado dos
Tosi, Luiz Ricardo Orsini
Winter, Lucile Maria Floeter
Title in Portuguese
Identificação de um gene que confere resistência a tubercidina em Leishmania (Leishmania) major
Keywords in Portuguese
Leishmania
Purinas
Transfecção
Tubercidina
Abstract in Portuguese
A identificação de genes relacionados com resistência a compostos antiparasitários tem contribuído para um melhor entendimento do mecanismo de ação de compostos antileishmania. Pouco se sabe sobre o mecanismo de ação do análogo de purina tubercidina (TUB) em Leishmania. Utilizando a estratégia de superexpressão após transfecção gênica, isolamos um locus de Leishmania (Leishmania) major, de 31 kb, capaz de conferir níveis de resistência quatro vezes maior que o parasita selvagem. Várias deleções desse locus foram geradas e a construção de 3 kb (pSNBR/3kbClaI-EcoRI) também conferiu níveis de resistência quando comparado ao parasita elvagem. Através de análises no genoma de L. (L.) major, localizamos esse locus no cromossomo 31 e, no fragmento de 3 kb, um gene que codifica para uma proteína com função desconhecida até o momento (LmjF.31.2010). Esta proteína foi relacionada com resistência a TUB em todas as linhagens transfectadas analisadas (cosTUB2 e pSNBR/3kbClaI-EcoRI), assim denominamos LmjF.31.2010, de proteína relacionada com resistência a TUB (PRRT). A quantificação relativa de transcritos de mRNA na construção pSNBR/3kbClaI-EcoRI apresentou níveis altos de transcritos da PRRT. Foram gerados ainda mutantes de L. (L.) major e L. (L.) amazonensis resistentes a TUB e estes se apresentaram bem adaptados a concentrações altas de TUB, apresentando razão de resistência maior que 200 vezes, quando comparado com os respectivos parasitas selvagens. A PRRT também foi relacionada na resistência a TUB nos mutantes gerados, pois houve amplificação gênica de prrt. Os resultados obtidos neste trabalho fornecem dados para inferir a importância da PRRT no mecanismo relacionado com resistência a TUB.
Title in English
Identification of a gene related with tubercidin resistance in Leishmania (Leishmania) major
Keywords in English
Leishmania
Purine 4
Transfection
Tubercidin
Abstract in English
The identification of genes associated with resistance to antiparasitic compounds has contributed to a better understanding of the mechanism of action of compounds against Leishmania. Little is known about the mechanism of action of purine analog tubercidin (TUB) in Leishmania. Using a strategy of gene overexpression after transfection, we isolated a locus of Leishmania (Leishmania) major, 31 kb, capable of conferring fold resistance four times greater than the wild type parasite. A set of deletions of this locus were generated and a 3 kb construction (pSNBR/3kbClaI-EcoRI) conferred fold resistance twice than the wild type. Analysis of L. (L.) major genome, located this locus on chromosome 31 and on 3 kb fragment we identified a gene encoding a protein with unknown function (LmjF.31.2010). This protein has been related to TUB resistance in all strains analyzed (cosTUB2 and pSNBR/3kbClaI-EcoRI), so we named mjF.31.2010 of protein related with resistance to TUB (PRRT). Relative quantification of mRNA transcripts in the construction pSNBR/3kbClaI-EcoRI showed high levels of PRRT transcripts.Mutants of L. (L.) major and L. (L.) amazonensis resistant to TUB were also generated and these were well adapted to high TUB concentrations, presenting fol resistance greater than 200 times when compared with their respective wild type. The PRRT was also related to TUB resistance mutants generated by PRRT gene amplification. Despite the high fold resistance presented by TUB resistant mutants, the ratio of expression of these mutant PRRT transfected and wild was similar to the wild type.
 
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JULIANAIDEAOKI1.pdf (22.17 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2014-02-26
 
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