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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.58.2013.tde-06022014-083917
Document
Author
Full name
Rodrigo Gonçalves Soares
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Mazzetto, Marcelo Oliveira (President)
Brandini, Daniela Atili
Carreiro, Adriana da Fonte Porto
Prado, Celio Jesus do
Reis, Andréa Candido dos
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação das propriedades mecânicas dos polipropilenos utilizados para confecção de placas oclusais
Keywords in Portuguese
placa oclusal
polipropileno
propriedades mecânicas
resina acrílica
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar algumas propriedades mecânicas como a rugosidade de superfície, microdureza, módulo de elasticidade e resistência flexural dos polipropilenos em comparação com as resinas acrílicas. Para avaliação das propriedades foram confeccionados doze corpos de prova (65 x 10 x 3 mm) de cada marca comercial de resina acrílica: Vipi Flash (autopolimerizável), Vipi Wave (termopolimerizável por calor de microondas), Vipi Crill, Lucitone, QC-20 (termopolimerizáveis por calor de banho de água); e Bioflex (termoplástico do tipo rígido) e Flexsystem (termoplástico do tipo flexível). As médias e desvios padrões do teste de rugosidade superficial em Ra foram Vipi Flash (0,10 ± 0,03); Vipi Wave (0,10 ± 0,02); Vipi Cril (0,12 ± 0,04); Lucitone (0,10 ± 0,02); QC-20 (0,11 ± 0,03); Bioflex (0,13 ± 0,01) e Flexsystem (0,10 ± 0,02). Microdureza Knoop: Vipi Flash (15,36 ± 0,32); Vipi Wave (16,60 ± 0,87); Vipi Cril (18,89 ± 2,10); Lucitone (15,73 ± 0,33); QC-20 (15,91 ± 0,47); Bioflex (71,64 ± 3,99) e Flexsystem (65,37 ± 7,08). Módulo de elasticidade: Vipi Flash (2952,76 ± 292,12); Vipi Wave (2511,69 ± 304,09); Vipi Cril (2745,61± 288,86); Lucitone (1904,53 ± 149,05); QC-20 (1913,86 ± 147,80); Bioflex (523,57 ± 151,19) e Flexsystem (367,04 ± 171,61). Resistência flexural: Vipi Flash (81,62 ± 4,62); Vipi Wave (83,52 ± 8,42); Vipi Cril (64,17± 5,23); Lucitone (74,71± 9,03); QC-20 (75,80 ± 8,44); Bioflex (22,99 ± 5,46) e Flexsystem (22,99 ± 7,59). O polipropileno Bioflex apresentou o maior valor de rugosidade de superfície (p<0,05) e microdureza Knoop (p<0.01), quando comparado com as demais resinas avaliadas; e os polipropilenos Bioflex e Flexsystem apresentaram os menores valores do módulo de elasticidade (p<0.01) e resistência flexural (p<0.01), quando comparado com as demais resinas avaliadas.
Title in English
Evaluation of mechanical properties of the polypropylene used for the preparation of occlusal splints
Keywords in English
acrylic resin
mechanical properties
occlusal splint
polypropylene
Abstract in English
The aim of this study was to evaluate the mechanical properties such as surface roughness, hardness, elastic modulus and flexural strength of polypropylene compared to acrylic resins. To evaluate the properties were made twelve specimens (65 x 10 x 3 mm) of each brand acrylic resin: Vipi Flash (self-curing), Vipi Wave (thermo microwave heat), Vipi Crill, Lucitone QC - 20 (thermo heat water bath) and Bioflex (thermoplastic rigid type) and Flexsystem (thermoplastic flexible type). The means and standard deviations of the test surface roughness in Ra were Vipi Flash (0.10 ± 0.03); Vipi Wave (0.10 ± 0.02); Vipi Cril (0.12 ± 0.04); Lucitone (0.10 ± 0.02); QC -20 (0.11 ± 0.03) Bioflex (0.13 ± 0.01) and FlexSystem (0.10 ± 0.02). Knoop hardness: Vipi Flash (15.36 ± 0.32); Vipi Wave (16.60 ± 0.87); Vipi Cril (18.89 ± 2.10); Lucitone (15.73 ± 0.33); QC- 20 (15.91 ± 0.47); Bioflex (71.64 ± 3.99) and FlexSystem (65.37 ± 7.08). Modulus of elasticity: Vipi Flash (2952.76 ± 292.12); Vipi Wave (2511.69 ± 304.09); Vipi Cril (2745.61 ± 288.86); Lucitone (1904.53 ± 149.05), QC- 20 (1913.86 ± 147.80); Bioflex (523.57 ± 151.19) and FlexSystem (367.04 ± 171.61). Flexural strength: Vipi Flash (81.62 ± 4.62); Vipi Wave (83.52 ± 8.42); Vipi Cril (64.17 ± 5.23); Lucitone (74.71 ± 9.03); QC- 20 (75.80 ± 8.44) ; Bioflex (22.99 ± 5.46) and FlexSystem (22,99 ± 7,59). Polypropylene Bioflex showed the highest surface roughness (p < 0.05) and Knoop hardness (p < 0.01), when compared to other resins evaluated, and polypropylenes Bioflex and FlexSystem showed the lower modulus of elasticity (p < 0.01), and flexural strength (p < 0.01) as compared with other resins evaluated.
 
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Publishing Date
2014-10-08
 
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